Founding Fathers' View of the Media (03:06)
The Founding Fathers’ intent for the media was to give information to the citizens to act. The core democratic values have been replaced by entertainment and commercial values.
How the Media is Failing the Citizens (03:44)
John Nichols and Robert McChesney argue that profits tend to zero out true journalism and that political journalism is now merely covering spin instead of covering the core issues.
True Political Journalism (04:04)
Covering elections and politics should be to give people information, including controversial issues, for real dialogue instead of treating the coverage like a sporting event such as the Super Bowl.
BBC and European Media (02:24)
Investigative documentary reporting is expensive. The BBC models interesting ways that American broadcasting should follow. European media covers more in-depth world news than America media.
Internet News and News Conglomerates (03:39)
The Internet offers variety and more voices but does not guarantee quality. Jefferson and Madison intended subsidizing freedom of the press. Media companies are large and do not involve the public.
Media Policies Against Public Interests (04:33)
The FCC is seeking policy to allow cross ownership of television, radio, and newspaper that may have enormous social costs as seen in radio since 1996. One consequence is loss of localism.
FCC Policies and Owning the Airwaves (03:00)
FCC regulation policies for broadcast media happen behind closed doors. The average American does not realize that the citizens own the airwaves, and they should be a part of the debates.
Government Policies and the Public (05:24)
Government policies have the businesses’ interest in mind. The media needs to return to educating the public about civics and public participation. Fewer stations per owner reduces commercialism.
Media Monopolies (05:30)
Political and corporate decisions concerning the media are done behind closed doors. The Television Communications Act of 1996 created monopolies forcing small stations to sell out.
True Media Investigating (03:03)
News media is owned by firms that benefit from certain policies and have no stake in the public. Media failed the public before 9-11. The media could prevent war by investigating issues.
American Media vs. European Media (03:37)
American media can learn from European countries that encourage public dialogue. Journalists need to interrogate the true motives for going to war, not just listen to the leaders’ spin.
Duties of the Journalist in Good Media (02:35)
Nichols believes journalists should state their opinions more, but should also not follow a leader unquestioningly without serious dialogue. Good journalism gets different opinions.
Public Involvement Needed (02:37)
A public movement similar to the environmental movement is needed concerning the media. Senator McCain and Congress are trying to get people to become more involved in these issues.
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