Evaluating a TV News Story (03:32)
TV journalists must work fast and under pressure gathering stories and preparing them for broadcast. A sample TV news story is critiqued for its content, editing, and commentary.
Preparing to Edit a TV News Story (03:59)
Preparing to edit a story involves checking photo and audio material for content and technical quality, logging timing of shots, and mapping out structure of the story.
News Story Content (03:56)
Different TV media requires different timing. Content should stick to main points, be simple and direct, avoid unnecessary details, and have a distinct beginning, middle, and end.
Ingredients of a News Story (02:46)
Pieces of a story include pictures and sound track, called actuality; edited bias-free interviews; piece to camera elements; additional commentary; graphics; and added sounds.
Linear and Nonlinear Editing (02:27)
It is helpful to know both linear (tape) and nonlinear (digital) editing. Tape is immediate but less flexible while digital requires time but is portable and more flexible to use.
Digital Editing (05:32)
The future of editing is digital. Each clip is digitized and named, trimmed and assembled. Assembly editing uses a timeline for adjustments and follows rules of continuity.
News Commentary (05:35)
Commentary should grab interest in the first sentence; pace at 3 words a second; avoid describing what is obviously seen; and link words to actions within the pictures.
Live two-way studio interviews do not allow the journalist time to write a prepared piece. Prepared with a simple list of questions, the journalist must remain confident and composed while filming live.
The News Soundtrack (02:27)
Creating a soundtrack requires a quiet place or use of a lip microphone; placing commentary on a separate track; adding music and sound effects; and adjusting relative volume mix.
Achieving End Results (04:02)
The end result of the sample Antarctica news story illustrates the importance of careful preparation, writing, and editing in creating a story that communicates well on TV news.
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