First Bush and Dukakis Debate "Housekeeping" (02:51)
David Brinkley and Jeff Greenfield report on the debate. Jim Lehrer welcomes candidates Vice President George H.W. Bush, Governor Michael Dukakis and panelists John Mashek, Ann Groer, and Peter Jennings.
Drug Issue: Bush (02:38)
Bush argues that value-free education contributed to a deterioration of American values, and advocates cracking down on users and changing drug culture.
Drug Issue: Dukakis (04:38)
Dukakis criticizes the Reagan Administration for doing business with a drug running Panama dictator, and promotes his state's drug education and prevention program. Bush says they indicted Noriega when drug evidence surfaced.
Federal Deficit: Dukakis (02:46)
Dukakis would cut certain weapons systems, invest in economic growth, reduce interest rates, reduce agricultural subsidies, and bring families off welfare to balance the budget. He criticizes Bush’s plan to increase spending while cutting taxes.
Federal Deficit: Bush (04:35)
Bush advocates cutting capital gains, proposes using a flexible freeze to avoid raising taxes, and promotes cutting government spending. Dukakis says the Reagan Administration ran up over $1 trillion in debt and opposes giving tax breaks to the wealthiest citizens.
Health Insurance: Bush (02:23)
Bush proposes a Medicaid buy-in for working class families, rather than asking businesses to pay for their insurance and risking losing jobs. He also advocates enforcing catastrophic health insurance.
Health Insurance: Dukakis (04:54)
Dukakis argues for employer based health insurance and defends his Massachusetts health plan. He promotes increased funding to combat AIDS; Bush advocates greater testing efforts, bringing drugs to market, and ensuring a clean blood supply.
Passionate Leadership: Dukakis (03:11)
Dukakis cares about Americans struggling to afford health insurance and a college education. He supported Civil Rights and opposed the Vietnam War as a legislator, learned from defeat, and brought welfare recipients into employment.
Passionate Leadership: Bush (05:28)
Bush criticizes Dukakis' attempt at exempting Massachusetts youth from going to Vietnam and ACLU membership as unpatriotic. He explains why he disagrees with ACLU positions. Dukakis says he resents having his patriotism questioned and points out he defended Bush's military record.
Homelessness: Bush (02:07)
Bush advocates funding the McKinney Act, refers to his "thousand points of light" idea of churches and organizations providing resources, and clarifies that only a fraction of homeless people are mentally ill.
Homelessness: Dukakis (04:52)
Dukakis criticizes Bush for cutting 90% of affordable housing and proposes a collaborative effort between government, banks, and non-profit groups to build new homes—rather than increasing defense spending. Bush advocates reducing interest rates as part of deficit control.
Abortion and the Death Penalty: Dukakis (02:38)
Dukakis opposes the death penalty, but says he reduced the Massachusetts crime rate. He doesn't favor abortion but believes women have a right to choose. Bush criticizes the Massachusetts furlough program and opposes abortion.
Abortion: Bush (02:56)
Bush favors making abortion illegal, but doesn't clarify penalties for women and doctors. Dukakis interprets this as criminalizing women for having abortions and advocates the right to choose.
Inner-City Programs: Bush (02:39)
Bush believes local and state government should address urban issues but supports WIC, Medicaid, education and crime reduction programs.
Inner-City Programs: Dukakis (04:40)
Dukakis criticizes the Reagan Administration for cutting nutrition and education programs. He proposes reforming welfare by investing in job training, childcare, and extended health benefits. Bush says federal education spending is up, and argues that state, local, and private organizations must contribute.
Nuclear Defense: Dukakis (02:33)
Dukakis denies plans to eliminate weapons systems and says he would be a strong leader on foreign policy, despite a lack of experience. He points out Bush's errors in Central America.
Nuclear Defense: Bush (05:02)
Bush criticizes Dukakis for supporting a nuclear freeze, and advocates increasing defense spending on missile systems. Dukakis argues that they are too expensive and that the U.S. can stay strong without them.
Soviet Relations: Bush (04:03)
Bush advocates cautiously welcoming perestroika, but doesn't want to make strategic defense cuts. Dukakis argues for pursuing peace through decreased nuclear armament and economic security.
Star Wars: Dukakis (03:33)
Dukakis clarifies that he supports moderate strategic defense research spending and criticizes conventional military cuts. Bush says conventional forces are ready and blames the Democratic controlled Congress for cutting Coast Guard funding.
International Terrorism: Dukakis (03:36)
Dukakis is against negotiating with terrorists, and criticizes Bush for trading arms for American hostages in Iran. Bush points out anti-terrorism policy improvements.
International Terrorism: Bush (04:03)
Bush defends his role in the Reagan Administration's record on improving peace in the Middle East. Dukakis points out he didn't follow his own anti-terrorism advice and brings up the Noriega scandal.
Dan Quayle: Bush (03:01)
Bush defends Quayle as knowledgeable in defense and cites his leadership in the Job Training Partnership Act. Dukakis questions Quayle's political inexperience.
Lloyd Bentsen: Dukakis (02:42)
Dukakis defends his running mate as balancing his political ideas, rather than agreeing on every issue. Bush questions his judgment.
Third World Debt: Dukakis (02:30)
Dukakis advocates assisting developing countries to manage loans while creating an agricultural credit policy to help American farmers. Supply management, price support, and new agricultural products will be factors in expanding markets.
Third World Debt: Bush (01:13)
Bush supports the 1985 Farm Bill and wants to expand U.S. agricultural markets abroad. He favors the Baker Plan, implementing market economies in developing countries.
Closing Statement: George H.W. Bush (01:57)
Bush wants to focus on private industry job creation and expand on the Soviet arms control agreement while banishing biological and chemical weapons.
Closing Statement: Michael Dukakis (02:43)
Dukakis references his family's belief in the American Dream. He wants a good job, affordable housing, and decent healthcare for every citizen while maintaining military strength and a clean environment.
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