Reagan vs. Carter Debate "Housekeeping" (02:22)
Ruth Hinerfeld of the League of Women Voters welcomes audience members. Moderator Howard K. Smith introduces President Jimmy Carter and Governor Ronald Reagan, and explains debate rules. Panelists include Marvin Stone, Harry Ellis, William Hilliard, and Barbara Walters.
American Military Response: Reagan (04:25)
Reagan advocates building military strength to maintain peace, and says his economic plan could increase the defense budget while cutting taxes.
American Military Response: Carter (06:37)
Carter points out that he's increased defense spending and used American power to facilitate peace treaties. He argues that a military presence in the Persian Gulf will protect U.S. oil interest. Reagan cites defense cuts and Carter defends responding to troubled areas through negotiation.
Inflation: Carter (04:33)
The Consumer Price Index went from 4.8% in 1976 to 12% in 1980. Carter cites oil shocks as contributing factors, and says he's recently lowered the rate. He discusses energy independence measures and economic revitalization and job creation programs.
Inflation: Reagan (06:43)
Reagan would decrease inflation by cutting government spending through welfare fraud elimination. Carter says the Reagan-Kemp-Roth proposal is inflationary and includes minimum wage elimination, and points out that Reagan increased government spending in California. Reagan says his figures are distorted.
Urban Decline: Reagan (04:07)
Reagan outlines a city development plan using tax incentives to create businesses and employ welfare recipients. He believes in a multi-racial society and will use his presidential power to pursue equal opportunity.
Urban Decline: Carter (06:13)
Carter outlines his urban renewal program employing minorities, and says he's brought African-American and Latino citizens into top government positions. Reagan criticizes government programs for falling short, and proposes a separate minimum wage for youth. Carter says energy efficiency policies will create new jobs in cities.
Terrorism: Carter (03:39)
Carter advocates nuclear non-proliferation to avoid weapons spreading to rogue nations. He will maintain neutrality in the Middle East and has stopped trade with Iran until American hostages are released.
Terrorism: Reagan (06:13)
Reagan declines to share his ideas on the Iran Hostage Crisis to avoid potentially endangering citizens, but criticizes U.S.-supported revolutions resulting in new totalitarian regimes. Carter outlines measures to halt travel and trade to nations harboring terrorists. Reagan is against negotiating with terrorists.
Arms Control: Reagan (03:24)
Reagan criticizes Carter for making nuclear weapon concessions and clarifies that SALT II was blocked in the Senate because it is unequal to the Soviet position.
Arms Control: Carter (08:12)
Carter defends SALT II and criticizes Reagan's intention to scrap it. Reagan argues that the Soviet Union has out negotiated the U.S. and says he wants to reopen negotiations. Carter says Reagan wants to establish nuclear superiority; Reagan says he wants a mutual weapon reduction.
Energy Independence: Carter (02:44)
Carter outlines ways he's reduced dependency on foreign oil and discusses domestic drilling and alternative energy development plans.
Energy Independence: Reagan (08:20)
Reagan says regulation is inhibiting U.S. coal mining, oil exploration, and nuclear plant construction. Carter defends regulations for worker safety and environmental health. Reagan advocates free enterprise for producing energy and cites his safety and anti-pollution record in California; Carter says he blocked regulatory legislation.
Social Security: Reagan (01:56)
Reagan says the system was based on an inaccurate projection of worker and retiree rates. He proposes investigating how to reform the system without depriving senior citizens of income.
Social Security: Carter (07:16)
Carter criticizes Reagan's proposal to make Social Security voluntary, and says the system is financially sound. Reagan argues that increased tax is only delaying system bankruptcy. Carter advocates national health insurance and Reagan explains why he opposed Medicare. Carter points out historic party divisions.
Opponent Weakness: Carter (02:59)
Carter says that Reagan has made a radical departure from the Republican Party line in his approach to controlling nuclear weaponry. He cautions against Reagan's advocacy of using military force to achieve peace.
Opponent Weakness: Reagan (07:09)
Reagan says inflation and unemployment rates are too high, and promises less government and less tax. Carter accuses him of opposing equal opportunity for women; Reagan cites anti-discrimination legislation in California. Carter cites industry deregulation achievements.
Closing Statement: Carter (03:19)
Carter advocates a strong, fair, and peaceful future for America and defends military intervention decisions during his term.
Closing Statement: Reagan (03:47)
Reagan argues that America has declined economically and militarily under Carter, and points out government spending and tax cut successes as California governor. Smith thanks candidates, panelists, and the audience.
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