Tintin Overview (03:05)
Born in Belgium in 1907, Catholic Boy Scout Georges Remi drew on World War I experiences to create the popular character in 1929. He took the pen name Hergé while working for conservative newspaper "Le Vingtième Siècle."
Politically Controversial Works (03:30)
Experts discuss Hergé's "Tintin in the Land of the Soviets," containing fascist propaganda, and "Tintin in the Congo," featuring blatant racism. They interpret his views as youthful and inexperienced, rather than hateful.
"Tintin in America" (02:46)
Hergé's 1932 adventure story shows his love of Western cultural stereotypes and portrays Chicago gangsters. Experts discuss his timeless themes of good against evil and Boy Scout ideals.
Developing a Cartoonist Style (02:12)
Experts discuss a lack of narrative cohesion or graphic refinement in Hergé's early adventures. In "Cigars of the Pharaoh," he improved Tintin's facial expression and focused on more human themes.
"The Blue Lotus" (03:06)
Hergé used research and imagination to portray foreign countries. He used Japan's 1934 invasion of China in 1934 as a setting for "The Blue Lotus" and collaborated with a Chinese artist on calligraphy and architecture.
Portraying Conflict (03:02)
Hergé created a fictionalized version of the Gran Chaco War in "Tintin and the Broken Ear." In 1938, he created "The Black Island," inspired by Hitchcock's "The 39 Steps."
"King Ottokar's Sceptre" (03:21)
As Germany began invading European countries, Hergé created a story criticizing fascism. In 1940, the Nazis occupied Belgium and shut down his newspaper. He began working at Nazi-run "Le Soir," a career move that would damage his reputation.
Tintin in the War Years (02:35)
Artists in occupied countries had to meet Nazi requirements to keep working. During the war, Hergé produced six stories that avoided controversy and offered escapism.
Tintin's Side Kicks (02:45)
During World War II, Hergé introduced unusual and humorous characters such as Captain Haddock, Professor Calculus, and the Thompsons. Experts discuss how Tintin's Belgian roots worked to his advantage.
"Prisoners of the Sun" (02:36)
After the war, Hergé was accused of being a Nazi collaborator and banned from newspapers for two years. When he returned, he resumed escapist stories featuring Haddock and Calculus. Experts discuss how he inspired them to travel.
Cold War Inspiration (04:38)
In the 1950s, the nuclear threat and the space race inspired Hergé to produce "The Calculus Affair" and "Destination Moon." The stories came 16 years before the moon landings, but his research made them realistic and appealed to international readers.
Tintin Brand (02:15)
Hergé's adventures sold millions of copies worldwide; he was under pressure to use production assistance. He first collaborated with another illustrator in "King Ottokar's Sceptre" and had a team working under him by the 1950s.
"Tintin in Tibet" (02:51)
Hergé fell in love with an employee and divorced his wife. He suffered nightmares that were manifested in Tintin's emotional distress at Chang's disappearance. Experts discuss changes in Hergé's portrayal of non-European people.
Changing Perspective (03:05)
By the 1960s, pop culture and rock 'n roll challenged comic books and the Tintin adventures lost some of their young audience. Experts discuss how Hergé's political and cultural views evolved over his career.
Hergé's Legacy (01:24)
Georges Remi died in 1983, having reflected a turbulent 20th century through the Tintin adventures. Experts discuss his contribution to cartoon art.
Credits: Discovering Herge (00:41)
Credits: Discovering Herge
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