Constitutional Convention of Querétaro, 1916 (01:58)
September, 1916, Venustiano Carranza called for delegates to convene in Querétaro to approve the new Constitution, but progressives with Álvaro Obregón wanted more social reforms.
Progressive Reforms to the 1917 Constitution (03:40)
The radicals pressed for land reforms and the the Nation's right to regulate private property. Religious education was banned and church property nationalized, and labor reforms established.
Carranza's Presidency (04:44)
Carranza became President of Mexico, but economic chaos, damaged infrastructure and predatory militants led to hunger, disease and social disruption.
A Nation Under Siege (04:10)
Felix Díaz and General Manuel Peláes continued to resist the Federal Government, as well as Villa and Zapata. The 1918 flu epidemic added to the misery.
Felipe Angeles Rejoins Francisco Villa (02:45)
General Felipe Ángeles attempted to unite the warring factions in Chihuahua while Villa's forces took Parral. Ángeles was assassinated before he could be tried by Carranza.
Constitutional Reforms Stymied (03:18)
Despite the reforms of the Constitution, Carranza supported private property and used martial law to control strikes in various sectors. Ricardo Flores Magón was imprisoned.
Conflict With Foreign Oil Companies (03:59)
Carranza's attempt to return to more moderate reforms was unsuccessful; however, he controlled foreign investment in mining and petroleum sectors, confronting pressure from the U.S.
The Zimmermann Telegram (02:46)
The Carranza government rejected a military alliance with Germany during WWI proposed by the Zimmermann telegram, ensuring Mexico's neutrality, but keeping German companies open while selling oil to Britain.
Elections of 1920 and Death of Carranza (05:31)
In the elections of 1920, Carranza supported Ignacio Bonillas rather than Álvaro Obregón. With the Plan of Agua Prieta, the Sonoran generales renewed the revolution. Carranza leaves for Veracruz and is killed.
President Alvaro Obregón - End of the Revolution (03:47)
The conclusion of the military action of 1920 marked the end of the Mexican Revolution, leaving the economy and infrastructure destroyed, but President Obregón supported public services, land and labor reforms.
Lázaro Cárdenas (01:16)
In 1934, President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated the foreign oil companies and instituted reforms demanded since Francisco I. Madero. The Mexican Revolution ideals finally were fulfilled.
Credits: Victory: The Mexican Revolution - Part 4 (01:25)
Credits: Victory: The Mexican Revolution - Part 4
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