Segments in this Video

Manuel Ávila Camacho and Lázaro Cárdenas (02:21)


Manuel Ávila Camacho, President 1940-1946, served under Lázaro Cárdenas during and following the Mexican Revolution. Cárdenas was a friend and mentor to Camacho.

Gentleman General (02:12)

Both Ávila Camacho and Cárdenas were captured by Huerta's forces, but released. Camacho's military standing was confirmed during the Cristeros War, as well as his kindness.

Political General (01:47)

In 1929, after serving in various posts, Ávila Camacho confronts Governor of Jalisco, Tomás Garrido Carneval, to save two young Cristeros. His spirit of moderation helped him advance.

Early Life (02:20)

Ávila Camacho's family were in the freight business; transporting goods from Veracruz over the sierra. Arrival of the railroad affected the family business and hometown.

Education (01:18)

The religious influence of Eufrosina Camacho was balanced by the secular education Manuel received at the Teziutlán liceo, also attended by Lombardo Toledano.

Maximino Ávila Camacho: Revolutionary (01:41)

Brother Maximino Ávila Camacho participated in the Madero uprising in 1910, and fought with Carranza's forces. After the death of the father, the family moved to Puebla, then Mexico City.

Arrogant Brother Maximino (03:15)

Maximino joined Benjamín Hill in rebellion against Carranza and later was ruthless in the Cristero War. Jenkins and became Governor of Puebla, 1937-1941. In public office, Maximino assumed dictatorial powers.

Polar Opposite Brothers (02:37)

Although as President, Manuel did not appoint him, Maximino assumed the Ministry of Communication and Transportation and claimed influence over his brother. The President pardoned the soldier who attempted his assassination, but was killed in an attempted escape.

Death of Maximino (03:55)

Maximino pretended to become the next President, but died suddenly before the elections. He is noted as the example of the Mexican caudillo, womanizer, and bull fighter. In contrast, his brother Manuel was known as the "Gentleman President."

1939 Election Campaign (04:06)

Friends recall Manuel's simple tastes and good humor. In the elections of 1940, Cárdenas supported Ávila Camacho for the Presidency as a conciliatory moderate supported by labor leader, Vicente Lombardo Toledano, governors and others.

Manuel Ávila Camacho's Campaign Platform (01:22)

Ávila Camacho confronted his campaign opponent, Andreu Almazán, with his platform promising inversion in the economy of the country, protection of workers.

Important Women in Ávila Camacho's Life (03:04)

Ávila Camacho's mother asked him not to persecute the Church before her death. Manuel and Soledad Orozco were married in 1925 and resided happily at La Herradura, Mexico State.

Doña Soledad's Influence (01:51)

Soledad Orozco was influential in her husband's Presidency when he intervened with the Confederation of Workers, CTM, regarding National Cinema Workers.

Victory of President Manuel Ávila Camacho (04:35)

Despite unrest when Andreu Almazán denounced the 1940 election as fraudulent and claimed victory for himself, Ávila Camacho was recognized by the U.S. He won over the populace with his good governance.

Credits: Manuel Avila Camacho, The Gentleman General (00:60)

Credits: Manuel Avila Camacho, The Gentleman General

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Manuel Avila Camacho, The Gentleman General

Part of the Series : Mexican Presidents
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This program presents a biography of Manuel Ávila Camacho, who represented the ideals of moderation and union after decades of armed struggle, showing an instinctual preference for negotiation and compromise. The contrast between Manuel and his older brother Maximino highlights political divisions following the Mexican Revolution. In Spanish.

Length: 38 minutes

Item#: BVL93859

ISBN: 978-1-68272-643-3

Copyright date: ©1998

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