Age of Hubble: Introduction (01:32)
High tech instruments are looking further into space and provide scientists with vast amounts of data.
Science of Astronomy (02:49)
The universe beckons astronauts and stargazers to explore and question. The Hubble Space Telescope launched in 1990.
Technological Revolution (02:49)
Scientists built giant telescopes on mountain tops around the world; the mirrors are nearly flawless. Supercomputer programs use the laws of physics to simulate cosmic events.
Island Universe? (02:50)
Technology provides a deeper understanding of the scale and forces that define the universe. Ancient Greeks saw Earth as the center of creation. Edwin Hubble and Milton Humason discovered distant galaxies, sparking a new model of the universe.
Birth of the Universe (02:45)
Scientists launched the Hubble Telescope to solidify universe parameters that Edwin Hubble helped define. The cosmic expansion rate and scale allows astronomers to establish a cosmic evolution timeline.
Cosmic Expansion Rate (03:38)
Scientists used Hubble and ground-based telescopes to locate a white dwarf. See a simulation of a thermonuclear reaction. Scientists discovered how to measure universe expansion after the star exploded.
Cosmic Webs (02:49)
Energy in the form of matter and antimatter fills the vacuum of space. Learn how the inflation of space and time lead to the creation of webs. In each direction, galaxies at the edge of the visible universe are 46 billion light years away.
Product of the Universe (03:01)
Our story began with the earliest stars and galaxies when the universe was filled with hydrogen gas. See an animation of a super nova in 1054 AD. The Crab Nebula has enough dust to create 30,000-40,000 Earths.
Space Dust (02:24)
Dust grains may have come from supernovas or black holes. Scientists use the telescopes in the Atacama Desert to study the environment of a super massive black hole.
Black Hole (03:30)
Intense radiation created a dusty wind; giant stars that died are likely the dust's origin. See a simulation of early cosmic evolution.
Spiral Galaxies (02:16)
Dark, dust lanes surround the central region of the Pinwheel Galaxy. Dust lanes and clouds dominate our view of our galaxy's disc. Dark clouds may give rise to a star cluster.
Carina Nebula (02:29)
Surrounded by the Homunculus, Eta Carinae lies at the nebula's center. Despite the star's instability, other stars are born at great haste.
Orion Constellation (01:48)
The Orion Nebula is 1,300 light years away. The Trapezium Cluster at its center releases a wind of ultra violet radiation that disrupts the growth of many solar systems while others are born.
Water in the Universe (03:31)
Scientists identified water in space dust clouds around the Orion Nebula. Dying stars and protostars are sources of water. Scientists use computer simulations to better understand planet formation.
Newborn Stars (04:12)
Scientists in the Atacama Desert use ALMA to study the environments of newly born stars. How did Earth get its water?
Water Stores (03:19)
Water pervades our solar system. See examples of various water forms on planets and their moons.
Emerging Universe (03:26)
Dust and water is essential to our understanding of the origin of life. New data allows scientists to consider theories of how the universe began.
Credits: The Age of Hubble (01:02)
Credits: The Age of Hubble
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