Handmade Painting Tool (05:01)
Wang Tongqing makes a paintbrush from a metal tube, wood, a plastic bottle, and foam.
Roman Aqueduct (03:07)
Engineers used concrete, a new building material, to create a 45 mile route transporting water to the city. Claudius named it Aqua Claudia after himself. Volcanic ash was a key ingredient. Today, two thirds of people live in concrete buildings.
Roman Blueprint (02:32)
The Aqua Claudia took 14 years to build and delivered 250 million gallons of water per day. The city featured apartment blocks, a sewer system, a police force, fire brigades, a postal service, libraries, and temples—inspiring modern cities.
Liu Lanbo studied at Furen University. In 1993, he started writing in water at the park; most of his students have been writing for years. Lanbo explains how to use the body and the brush when writing; confidence is essential to good writing.
Tongqing discusses the three energies of Chinese medicine. He describes entering the world of calligraphy and the melding of suffering and happiness. Tongqing demonstrates his form of "martial arts;" his movements describe the word he writes.
Tongqing practices writing on paper. He demonstrates horizontal strokes in the Kaishu style and shows examples of couplets.
Lanbo reviews his students' homework. Zhang Dianlu and An Jiqing explain what they get from Lanbo's corrections. Huang Chaolong stresses the importance of comprehension.
Rome had occupied Jerusalem for a century when Jesus of Nazareth was sentenced to death for revolutionary teachings. Simon from Cyrene helped carry his cross. Crucifixions were common but this death would transform the world as Christ's friends spread his message.
Managing Ancient Rome (02:39)
Ancient Rome was the largest city on Earth and more densely populated than modern Manhattan. Emperor Claudius had to please the populace and legitimize his rule. Drought created food shortages; riots ensued.
Credits: Writing in Water (01:21)
Credits: Writing in Water
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