Introduction: Blood for Sale: Gothic Goes Global (03:31)
In the 20th Century, the Gothic grew from a desire to revive a decayed architectural style into a genre of literature and art rooted in terror.
How Did Dracula Fascinate Us? (03:33)
Though there had been vampire stories before, none fascinated the public like Dracula. He connects the 18th-century Gothic novel and modern fiction. Dracula's goal was to infect the heart of British society with the vampire virus, and he serves as a mirror for our deepest fears.
Gothic Capitalism (03:53)
Karl Marx wrote"Das Kapital" 30 years before "Dracula." He used Gothic imagery to fascinate and engross his readers. He sowed the seed that there was something vampiric about the modern world.
William Morris and the Gothic Revival (03:28)
Morris was a revolutionary socialist who wanted to stop mass consumerism. He fought using his individually crafted goods; they were too expensive for the people he wanted to empower. Morris grew more political as he aged.
"The Nature of Gothic" (02:37)
John Ruskin was a literary and social critic whose writing influenced William Morris in his youth. He called for a return to the Christian values of the Middle Ages, with workers devoted to their craft instead of enslaved by it. Morris tried to turn these ideas into a reality.
7 Hammersmith Terrace (02:20)
Emery Walker was a close friend of William Morris. Walker's former home is functionally a museum of Morris' work. The Gothic revival can also be seen at Keble College Oxford.
Industrialization and William Morris (03:43)
Industry eventually overcame objections. In 1913, a different William Morris started a car factory on the outskirts of Oxford. He adopted the assembly line, an extreme version of the monotonous factory work that had horrified his namesake. Now, robots replace human workers.
New Media (02:16)
"Dracula" is full of references to the new media of the 19th century: the telephone, typewriter, phonograph, and Kodak camera. The novel is composed of several characters' journals, letters, clippings, etc. The recording and sharing of evidence defeats Dracula.
Subtext of Technology (03:00)
While new technology helps defeat Dracula, it can also be read as another kind of vampire, capturing a part of its human users and feeding on the information we feed into it.
Introduction of Cinema (02:45)
Cinema, more than any other medium, propelled Gothic around the world. Although the British film industry never fully blossomed, the Gothic tradition was taken to Hollywood thanks to Alfred Hitchcock.
Oakley Court Hotel (02:16)
Oakley Court Hotel, once the home of a prominent politician, was used in the 1960s as a set for the most successful British films ever made. The studio Hammer Horror was nearby. At the start of the 20th century, both film and literature embraced Gothic.
"The Wasteland" (01:53)
T.S. Eliot's poem may have been inspired by his failing marriage, but it came to represent British alienation, particularly after World War I.
Gothic Painters (02:30)
Gothic sense seeped into the art world via Paul Nash's "We Are Making a New World," Algernon Newton's paintings, and Francis Bacon's tryptichs.
Irish Gothic (03:10)
Ireland was fertile ground for the Gothic because it was a divided place, the first repressed British colony. It was home to Gothic writers Charles Maturin, Oscar Wilde, W.B. Yeats, and Bram Stoker. Conflicts between the Protestant elite and Catholic peasantry may have formed the basis for much Gothic writing.
Francis Bacon (02:43)
Bacon was fascinated with Gothic imagery, perhaps influenced by childhood abuse or the Irish ethno-nationalist conflict. At one point, he and his grandfather narrowly escaped Irish nationalists, an event he remembered for the rest of his life.
Modern Gothic (02:48)
Though Gothic was often seen as weird, it is now deeply embedded in our collective psyche. Modern Gothic adherents emphasize individuality. Technology, in the form of the cell phone, has an even greater hold on us.
Credits: Blood for Sale: Gothic Goes Global (01:10)
Credits: Blood for Sale: Gothic Goes Global
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