Vienna 1908: Introduction (02:06)
This segment orients viewers to Dr. James Fox's exploration of three cities that made exceptional impacts in three years and this film's focus on Vienna in 1908.
Adolf Hitler in Vienna (02:06)
Hitler arrived in Vienna with a letter of introduction; fear made him flee before meeting the famous artist. Vienna introduced Hitler to the hatred and racism that would inspire his ambitions.
Gustav Klimt (03:34)
In 1908, Vienna celebrated the emperor's diamond jubilee. The art world staged a vast expedition; Klimt was the star attraction. Klimt revealed several portraits and "The Kiss."
Viennese Coffee Houses (03:20)
Fox believes "The Kiss" mimics the tensions of Vienna in 1908. The coffee house was home to creative energies, infamous personalities, and rebellious thinkers, helping to make Vienna the center of a cultural revolution.
Adolf Loos (03:14)
Loos despised Vienna's addiction to ornament and wrote the manifesto, "Ornament and Crime." Loos designed a building with no facade opposite the emperor's palace, appalling the Viennese people.
Inside Loos House (02:47)
Fox admires the building's interior. Loos exposed Vienna's unease with itself, trapped between the past and the future. Fox explains how in 1908, the people of Vienna appeared to be unusually unhappy.
Sigmund Freud (02:41)
Freud originally trained as a doctor but became interested in psychology; he encouraged patients to discuss every detail of their lives. Hear the only known voice recording of Freud. Fox explores Freud's waiting room.
Oedipus Complex (03:45)
Freud studied the case of "Little Hans." He concluded that the boy's violent fear of horses stemmed from sexual feelings for his mother. Experts discuss the importance of this case to Freud's theory.
Egon Schiele (04:51)
In 1906, Schiele entered the Viennese Academy of Fine Arts. He developed an expressionistic style unlike anyone else's. Fox analyzes Schiele's self-portrait, "Sitting Male Act 2."
Arnold Schoenberg (05:02)
Schoenberg worked in a bank at the age of 16, but he wanted to be a composer. In 1908, his wife fell in love with Richard Gerstl. Schoenberg produced his "String Quartet No. 2;" the Konservatorium Vienna Strings performs the piece.
"String Quartet No. 2" (03:02)
Later in life, Schoenberg still felt the pain of the public's rejection of his composition. Pianist Susana Zapke demonstrates tonal and atonal intervals; she loves Schoenberg's work.
Exposing Vienna's Double Standard (04:33)
Else Jerusalem captured the miserable life of one of Vienna's 50,000 prostitutes in "The Red House." Hear some of the little that is known about the author whose voice was heard in a time when women were voiceless.
Vienna's Sewer Inhabitants (03:27)
In 1908, Hermann Drawe and Emil Kläger photographed and interviewed the impoverished Viennese who lived below the city. They presented their findings in a series of lectures.
Karl Lueger and Adolf Hitler (03:14)
Lueger, the mayor of Vienna, rose to power on a tide of anti-Semitism; Hitler listened to his speeches. Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts and was rejected.
Crisis in the Balkans (02:23)
Hitler rejected art and focused on politics. In 1908, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in 1914 started a catastrophic chain of events.
Vienna 1908: Review (01:09)
Vienna in 1908 was a crossroads of old and new. Fox introduces the topics in the next episode of Paris 1928.
Credits: Vienna 1908 (00:33)
Credits: Vienna 1908
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