Álvaro Siza Vieira (02:02)
Siza began building the modernist School of Architecture for the University of Porto in 1985. He advises freedom from constraints to solve functional problems.
Fitting with the Landscape (02:25)
Located across the Douro from Porto, the first pavilion of the new school respects a garden site of old trees and follows the U shape of Portuguese houses.
Buildings Cloaked By Trees (01:08)
The disconnected final ten buildings, officially inaugurated in 1996, accommodated the shape and incline of the site with no main entrance or facade.
Geometric Layout (02:42)
The overall positioning of the buildings echoes the triangular shape of the pavilion and the property. Siza notes the importance of respecting geometry while reacting to it with improvisation.
School Classrooms (03:22)
Siza placed the classrooms in the small towers facing the river. Long, irregular windows provide views of the exterior, sometimes shaded by projections.
Freedom of Use (02:43)
Zigzagging buildings face the road where administrative offices, the library, the auditorium, and the admission hall are located. Siza says organization must be clear to link different areas.
Flow of Movement (02:03)
The school has aspects of a small town, inviting students onto shaded patios. Underground corridors and an inclined ramp facilitate movement between areas.
Cubist Sculpture and Light (05:04)
Sharp angles and diagonals address structural problems. Siza notes light variations accommodate the sunny climate. He cites the Alhambra. Glass roof structures filter light to the exhibition area and the library.
Architectural Concept that is Never Finished (04:43)
Siza built an ideal city of architecture for prospective architects. Siza's plans changed from a monumental concept to one that harmonized with the surrounding modern city.
Credits: The Siza School: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:47)
Credits: The Siza School: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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