Midland Railway (01:29)
England's railway system expanded greatly between 1830 and 1855. The Midland Railway company gained access to London in 1863.
Engineer William Barlow designed the Saint Pancras Station train shed. Gilbert Scott built the hotel and station buildings.
Saint Pancras Roof (02:57)
Cast iron pillars support the upper level that carries trains. A beam connects the pillars, creating the world's highest and widest roof.
Station Hotel (01:42)
Buildings near the train shed are red made of brick. The train shed abuts the hotel. The hotel comprises three irregular buildings around a tower.
Railroad Hotels (01:19)
London railways had hotels. The Midland Grand was intended as the biggest and most luxurious in London; it is now abandoned.
Neo-Gothic Architecture (01:48)
The Saint Pancras Station was built in neo-Gothic style, with a great staircase. Critics disliked the coopting of Gothic church architecture for commercial buildings.
Architectural Statement (01:42)
Debate raged in England between neo-Gothic and neoclassical theories. Scott made the Midland hotel a manifesto of the Gothic revival.
Hotel Architecture (02:03)
Scott borrowed from castles and churches, inventing a modern Gothic that had nothing to do with the Middle Ages. He gave the hotel an irregular façade.
Saint Pancras Station Impacts the City (01:41)
The Saint Pancras Station dominated the London scene. The railway tracks cut the district in two. The façade faces the city.
Internal Roads (02:26)
Scott designed internal roads through the building connecting station to expedite the flow of passengers and luggage. The area around the ticket window is grandiose.
Barlow and Scott (02:31)
Barlow constructed the framework of the train shed; Scott created walls and windows. Their goals were different and their works ended up complimentary but separate.
Midland Hotel Legacy (01:46)
The Midland hotel proved unusable, but its heritage listing preserved it from demolition. Filmmakers use its grand staircase in movies.
Credits: The Saint Pancras Station: Architectures- Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:58)
Credits: The Saint Pancras Station: Architectures- Achievements in Modern Architecture
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