Segments in this Video

Midland Railway (01:29)


England's railway system expanded greatly between 1830 and 1855. The Midland Railway company gained access to London in 1863.

Designers (02:31)

Engineer William Barlow designed the Saint Pancras Station train shed. Gilbert Scott built the hotel and station buildings.

Saint Pancras Roof (02:57)

Cast iron pillars support the upper level that carries trains. A beam connects the pillars, creating the world's highest and widest roof.

Station Hotel (01:42)

Buildings near the train shed are red made of brick. The train shed abuts the hotel. The hotel comprises three irregular buildings around a tower.

Railroad Hotels (01:19)

London railways had hotels. The Midland Grand was intended as the biggest and most luxurious in London; it is now abandoned.

Neo-Gothic Architecture (01:48)

The Saint Pancras Station was built in neo-Gothic style, with a great staircase. Critics disliked the coopting of Gothic church architecture for commercial buildings.

Architectural Statement (01:42)

Debate raged in England between neo-Gothic and neoclassical theories. Scott made the Midland hotel a manifesto of the Gothic revival.

Hotel Architecture (02:03)

Scott borrowed from castles and churches, inventing a modern Gothic that had nothing to do with the Middle Ages. He gave the hotel an irregular façade.

Saint Pancras Station Impacts the City (01:41)

The Saint Pancras Station dominated the London scene. The railway tracks cut the district in two. The façade faces the city.

Internal Roads (02:26)

Scott designed internal roads through the building connecting station to expedite the flow of passengers and luggage. The area around the ticket window is grandiose.

Barlow and Scott (02:31)

Barlow constructed the framework of the train shed; Scott created walls and windows. Their goals were different and their works ended up complimentary but separate.

Midland Hotel Legacy (01:46)

The Midland hotel proved unusable, but its heritage listing preserved it from demolition. Filmmakers use its grand staircase in movies.

Credits: The Saint Pancras Station: Architectures- Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:58)

Credits: The Saint Pancras Station: Architectures- Achievements in Modern Architecture

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The Saint Pancras Station: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture

Part of the Series : Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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This film discusses the architecture behind the train shed and hotel at the Saint Pancras Station in London, built between 1855 and 1863. The hotel was a Gilbert Scott's neo-Gothic statement in the ongoing battle in Victorian England between neo-Gothic and neoclassical. The train shed was William Barlow's creation; he created the world's widest and tallest ceiling.

Length: 26 minutes

Item#: BVL65351

ISBN: 978-1-60057-662-1

Copyright date: ©1999

Closed Captioned

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