Introduction: Roissy 1 (01:03)
With increased air travel in the 1960s, the French government under Charles de Gaulle, commissioned architect Paul Andreu to build a north Paris airport.
Paul Andreu (01:06)
Airports were usually built by engineers, but young Andreu was chosen to design a functional airport within a budget.
Innovative Circular Design (01:47)
Andreu broke with the Orly tradition of glass walls and spectators to create a circular concrete building surrounded by satellites for airplanes.
Interchange Between the Car and the Plane (02:55)
The building rests in a deep basin with only the upper half level having runways. Pillars support the upper level above the access and parking levels.
Terminal Levels (01:35)
The terminal is below the car park, with different levels for departures and arrivals. A mezzanine level provides transfer for continuing passengers.
Rectangles and Triangles (02:00)
Black bands on the floor echoes the geometry of the building, forming rectangles and triangles. Andreu describes his geometric work.
Circulatory Traffic Flow (02:52)
To enhance orientation, traffic flow, and provide light, Andreu hollowed out a center circle of glass. Aluminum and glass tubes cross the circle to access baggage and transfer levels.
Roissy works like a giant round-about for airplanes. Planes connect to the two level satellites with lower level baggage handling and upper level passenger waiting rooms.
Airport Aesthetics (01:43)
The airport reveals monochrome concrete in all its forms. Roissy 1 is an example of the French tradition of untreated concrete.
Andreu's Parental Relationship to Roissy 1 (04:25)
French authorities added glass screens to Andreu's open- air concept and transformed areas into shopping centers. The ceiling and inner tubes still conform to Andreu's original concept.
Roissy 2 (01:16)
Roissy 1 was to be the first stage of a monumental site with 5 circular terminals, but Roissy 2 had a linear organization around the roadway.
Credits: Roissy 1: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:28)
Credits: Roissy 1: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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