Introduction: Jean Prouve's House (01:01)
Jean Prouve built a house for his family in 1954, making the longtime dream come true.
Prefabricated Houses (01:58)
Prouve was a self-taught engineer. Maxeville mass produced houses, which the French people rejected. An aluminum manufacturer bought Maxeville and pushed Prouve out.
Location of House (01:43)
Prouve built his house on a narrow terrace on a steep slope. He used light materials because of the sandy, unstable soil.
House Layout (01:26)
Prouve's house is designed for minimum needs of a family. The plan is linear. A corridor serves every room, lined with cupboards; a side window lights the area.
House Construction (02:48)
Prouve's family built his house in a few weekends. Having lost his factory, he improvised. Learn about the process and materials he used.
Prouve economizes space, designing rooms for minimal needs. Rounded door corners facilitate production of door and frame from a single panel.
Housing Panels (02:15)
Prouve wanted houses as beautiful and rational as cars and planes. Technical considerations dictate his pothole cutout shape in panels; it brings out beauty in the view.
Living Room (02:09)
The living room sticks out from the "village square" of the house. A glass wall makes it feel like part of the garden.
A wooden wall separates the living room from the kitchen, which returns to the one meter pattern after the exception of the living room.
Variations on Common Principle (01:17)
Prouve's is a house of odds and ends. Diverse elements are part of an integrated production plan. Prouve likened his approach to Bach's writing variations on themes.
Change in Plans (02:58)
Prouve intended to use aluminum shells produced at Maxeville in his house; when he lost Maxeville, he turned to laminated wooden panels.
Competing Solutions to Housing Crisis (01:34)
Building his house gave Prouve an outlet after losing his factory. Prouve's vision of lightweight houses lost out to high-rise building in post-War France.
Criticism of Formalism (01:29)
Prouve fought for his architectural vision, teaching at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers. In a recording, he discusses the defects of contemporary architecture.
Credits: Jean Prouve's House: Architectures - Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:32)
Credits: Jean Prouve's House: Architectures - Achievements in Modern Architecture
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