Sugimoto House Introduction (00:58)
The blueprint escaped a fire in 1864, allowing reconstruction four years later. The house belongs to a family of Kyoto fabric traders
Japanese Spatial Relationships (01:53)
There are no walls or windows in a traditional house. Rooms are side by side without furniture; "Ma" is the concept of space between objects or events.
Sugimoto Facade (01:32)
The 30 meter facade indicates wealth. Entrance to the house came through the fabric shop that buffered the living quarters from the street.
Buddhist Home Orientation (02:31)
The eastern "Ke" area contains living quarters. The western "Hare" area contains reception rooms. A passage separates formal from informal space, reflecting "Oku" or depth.
Sugimoto House Layout (01:17)
An East-West axis measures sacred space and a North-South axis measures visitor importance. On the "noble" side are gardens and safes; on the "prosaic" side are toilets and bins.
Sugimoto Roof Construction (02:34)
"Yane," or roof, is the root of the house. Timbers fit together without nails in case of fire. Carpenters have equal value to architects in Japan.
Sugimoto House Foundation (01:13)
The two main posts ensure lateral stability; the rest of the house is built on piles resting on flat stone. A crawl space allows air circulation.
Sugimoto House Codes (01:57)
Guests remove shoes when entering. "Tatami" mats are the dimensions of a person and provide room size dimensions. Orthogonal floor patterns identify each room.
Sugimoto Room Demarcations (02:36)
Floor and joist grooves allow detachable paper screens that divide the house into a series of empty spaces. They are safe in earthquakes but provide no insulation from cold or noise.
Sugimoto Living Spaces (00:56)
Placed objects and furniture denote room function, allowing total flexibility.
Sugimoto House Lighting (01:16)
The architect values and emphasizes shadows, rather than light.
Sugimoto House Spatial Hierarchy (01:35)
"Oku" refers to hidden places farthest from the street, where important guests are received. The largest room opens to the garden, the most highly valued space.
Sugimoto House Garden (00:60)
Gardeners maintain hundred year old moss, trees, and stones in the protected space. Proximity to nature facilitates meditation.
Western Room (01:57)
A garden veranda and paper screens create a dialogue with the surrounding environment. A 1929 addition is the only permanent, enclosed space.
Sugimoto House Legacy (01:32)
Since 1743, the structure has survived fire, earthquakes, war, and speculative builders. Although a cultural center, Sugimoto family members still occupy the space.
Credits: The House of Sugimoto: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:34)
Credits: The House of Sugimoto: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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