Napoleon's New Opera House (01:52)
The new Paris opera, known as the Garnier Opera for its architect, opened in 1867 after Napoleon III replaced the opera house bombed by Orsini.
Charles Garnier (02:36)
Garnier won the architect competition with his motto and assembled a team of former Ecole des Beaux-Arts students. Directed by Haussman, he prepared for the 1867 World's Fair.
Boulevard Accommodations (02:38)
The Garnier Opera crowned the boulevard that Haussman cut through the city to the Tuileries. Garnier's side pavilions provided entrances from the bordering boulevards.
Height Competition (02:14)
Garnier had to raise the facade colonnade to compete with Haussman's neighboring buildings. Apollo's lyre rises above the city. The building sections follow their functions.
The roof dome follows the circular shape of the auditorium. The metallic structure reduced the threat of fire, but did not detain the falling chandelier.
Garnier Opera Stage (02:34)
The large stage accommodated Grand Opera with a 5 story understage that housed machinery. A reservoir under the stage gave rise to the legend of a lake below the Opera.
Grand Facade (02:00)
The colonnade of the facade referenced those of the Louvre, but used contrast of scale and polychrome materials to affirm the purpose of the building.
Third Republic (02:20)
With the end of Imperial Rule in 1870, the unfinished building became a symbol of the hated regime. In1875, the Garnier Opera was inaugurated again.
Garnier Opera Foyer (03:19)
Garnier gave a never before seen importance to the foyer, and the great staircase with surrounding onyx galleries.
"Phantom of the Opera" (02:59)
In 1926, the film "Phantom of the Opera" used the Garnier staircase. The rehearsal stage at the back hid voyeurs and ticket holders' access to the performers.
Architectural Detail (02:09)
The architectural details of Garnier's Opera induce constantly renewed sensations, capturing the essence of performance.
Credits: The Garnier Opera: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:58)
Credits: The Garnier Opera: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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