Dessau Bauhaus (01:17)
The 1926 inauguration of the Dessau Bauhaus displayed a new concept of architecture, glass walls enclosed in a metal frame.
Walter Gropius (01:15)
Creator of Bauhaus, Walter Gropius (1883-1969), aimed to connect art and craft to industrial design. Artists, filmmakers, and furniture designers joined the movement.
Move to Industrial Dessau (02:14)
From Weimar, the Academy reopened in 1925 at Dessau with areas for the arts academy, workshops, offices, theater, studios, teacher housing and a technical school.
Architectural Style (01:52)
Gropius used aerial views to explain his design for the Dessau Bauhaus. The global style of architecture with different heights and surfaces correspond to different needs.
Architecture According to Function (02:06)
The academy and workshops have glass walls and an open interior, while the technical school is functional with walls and corridors. The collective area and student housing is more private.
Administrative Offices and School (01:08)
Offices link the academy and technical school and extend over the walkway. The prestigious school of architecture is located above the offices.
Bauhaus Orientation (01:32)
Student housing faced east to wake students.The workshops had light from the east and west while the technical school remained in shadow. Summer heat was not a consideration.
Gropius Concept Remains (01:29)
Deterioration of the metal structure and added safety elements deface the facade, but Gropius' idea of a floating, glass facade is still used for factory architecture.
Assembly Line Construction (02:17)
Gropius was inspired by industrial America. Using Henry Ford's assembly line, the Bauhaus was built within a year and became famous in Europe for its transparency.
Unbridled Creativity (02:27)
Architecture that encourages movement and communication between areas and disciplines enhances creativity. Public and private areas evoke the feeling of a town.
Architectural Form and Function (02:48)
The Dessau Bauhaus uses raw materials and radiators architecturally, but the ideas are limited by available mechanisms.
Home of Tomorrow (02:14)
Separate housing for Gropius and teachers Klee and Kandinsky followed the Bauhaus style, as examples for the home of tomorrow, not always appreciated by the inhabitants.
After WWII (02:19)
Conflict between the town council and the Nazi Party forced the school's move to Berlin in 1933. The Dessau Bauhaus withstood WWII and communism in deteriorating condition.
Revival of the Bauhaus (01:02)
Gropius died in the U.S.A. in 1969 after influencing American architecture. Now the Bauhaus is a World Heritage Site-part school, part museum.
Credits: The Dessau Bauhaus: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture (00:42)
Credits: The Dessau Bauhaus: Architectures—Achievements in Modern Architecture
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