Amnesty International (02:11)
The organization began on May 28, 1961 to free prisoners of consciousness. Watch a montage of scenes from around the world.
Global Movement (02:10)
Amnesty International is the largest human rights organization in the world. Experts use the evidence it collects to lobby governments to respect the rights of citizens.
Birth of a Movement (03:42)
The post WWII generation placed faith in the United Nations; human rights were not addressed. The plight pf political prisoners in the late 1960s inspired Peter Benenson.
Political Prisoners of Eastern Europe (03:54)
Groups organized across western Europe. Benenson realized the importance of keeping Amnesty International impartial. Campaigns began with letter writing.
As suppression of blacks in South Africa intensified, Amnesty International had to decide if it could support the use of force. Nelson Mandela gave-up on non-violence.
Measure of Success (02:45)
Amnesty International members were unaware that Benenson accepted money from the British government. He was forced to resign and Martin Ennals was appointed.
Three Months Before Revolution (03:27)
Amnesty International has history in the Middle East. Elections in November, 2010 threatened an increase in human rights abuses. A political prisoner speaks.
The Dirty Game (02:54)
Amnesty International campaigned against torture. On September 11, 1973, Augusto Pinochet staged a military coup in Chile. Victims disappeared under a military dictatorship.
Urgent Action Network (03:13)
Victims disappeared under the military dictatorship in South America. Amnesty International began a campaign that put faces to the names of victims.
Danger to Delegates (01:49)
Amnesty International researchers and their sources were in danger in South America.
Haiti June, 2010 (03:16)
Amnesty International uses tools developed in the 1970s. A victim of sexual violence speaks. Rape was only criminalized in 2005 and women remain vulnerable.
In the Spotlight (02:00)
Jimmy Carter embraced human rights at his inauguration in 1977. America's stance complicated Amnesty International's position. The organization received the Nobel Prize.
"The Secret Policemen's Ball" (01:27)
In the 1970s, celebrities further pushed Amnesty International into the spotlight around the world.
Human Rights Now Tour (03:58)
In the 1980s, Amnesty International amplified its message through music; membership tripled. The mothers of the disappeared came on stage at the concert in Argentina.
Amnesty March for Liu Xiaobo (02:04)
The rise of China as an economic power house left Amnesty International fighting for impartiality. Trade concerns trump human rights.
Under Fire (03:31)
The U.S. used information gathered by Amnesty International in Iraq and Kuwait to start a war. Information presented as facts was found to be untrue.
Commitment to Nonviolence (02:18)
When images of mass killings came out of Rwanda, Amnesty International came under pressure to make decisions without research. (Graphic images)
Uganda November 2010 (03:09)
Amnesty International worked to have a presence in the region after Rwanda. Secretary General Salil Shetty speaks. Evangelical Christianity created homophobia in Africa.
The Long Haul (02:47)
Pinochet was arrested for extradition to Spain after arriving in London thanks to Amnesty International and the International Torture Convention. He was released by Jack Straw.
Human Rights Progress and Setbacks (01:14)
U.S. response to 9/11 undermined the campaign against torture waged by Amnesty International. George W. Bush responds to the comparison of Guantanamo to Gulag.
Expansion and Bureaucracy (02:14)
New human rights violations brought a huge wave of supporters to Amnesty International. Its campaign on poverty made it look out of touch with its own views.
Future of Amnesty International (02:36)
A letter writing group gathers in London in 2010. Positive changes have been made since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Credits: Amnesty: When They Are All Free (00:40)
Credits: Amnesty: When They Are All Free
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