Beyond the Standards Movement: Introduction (03:07)
The standards movement is focused on tougher standards and increased accountability. Alfie Kohn believes it negatively affects education.
Why Kids Learn (03:01)
Kohn states that psychological research shows a big gulf between a focus on performance and a focus on learning. Students become preoccupied with ability, prefer easy tasks, and are devastated by failure.
Less Interested in Learning (02:16)
Focusing heavily on grades distracts Students attribute academic success or failure to their intelligence, not their effort.
Focused on Performance (03:10)
Students typically choose easy subjects. When challenged, students may be devastated by failure. Kohn believes their learning is shallow and we need to look closer at the standards movement.
It's About Learning (01:38)
Standardized tests fail to capture what matters most about student understanding and teacher instruction.
Problems with Testing (02:52)
Learn the difficulties with multiple-choice tests, timed tests, and testing too often or too young; tests that are norm-referenced rank students.
Using exhibitions helps teachers place emphasis on equipping the student, not conveying material.
Back to Basics (02:15)
Adults are content with old-fashioned education and rote memorization because it is familiar. Kohn explains that better methods are out there, but standardized tests inhibit their use.
Special Needs Students (02:24)
Current standards do not account for special needs students. The best kind of standards are those that provide guidance in broad terms. Kohn explains the TIMSS study.
Education Support (01:39)
Kohn says legislators need to support teachers who understand how education works.
High Stakes Testing (01:22)
Kohn believes high-stakes testing coerces teachers and students into jumping through hoops. Accountability is a code word for more control over schools.
Raise the Bar (02:07)
Education is about making learning better, not harder. Kohn says most adults could not pass a high school exit exam because it does not assess the things we value in life.
Values of Our Country (03:28)
The strength of America is its diversity so we must enforce diversity in public schools; "tougher standards" is a political slogan.
U.S. Testing (01:47)
To counter the standards movement, we must educate the public about the danger of emphasizing test scores. Kohn states that the U.S. does the most testing.
Is the Standards Movement Too Political? (04:23)
Parents and teachers are starting to fight standardized testing. Kohn emphasizes that teachers need to show they are not afraid of being measured.
Credits: Beyond the Standards Movement (00:57)
Credits: Beyond the Standards Movement
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