Social Promotion Introduction (02:28)
Social promotion advances students based on social needs instead of academic achievement. This can lead to a greater problem: adults unprepared for life.
Effects of Social Promotion (02:07)
Educational expert William Glasser explains that social promotion gives students the idea that they learned something when they did not.
Focusing on standards is one alternative to social promotion. Engagement, emotional needs, time, language, standards, and instruction can bar success.
Lake Gibson Middle School (02:28)
Students and teachers work together to achieve learning, with less of an emphasis on teacher power. Choice theory is the guiding principle.
Choice Theory (01:52)
A teacher, parent, and student talk about how the Lake Gibson system works, treating students as individuals that learn differently and giving them responsibility for their own education.
San Francisco (01:51)
San Francisco has a diverse, multilingual population. Visitacion Valley Middle School started over with an all-new staff, emphasizing choice theory. Peer mediation encourages student engagement.
Peer Mediation (02:42)
In peer mediation, students receive training and then help solve problems among students; this keeps suspensions down and helps students learn different ways to deal with problems.
Emotional Needs (02:51)
Visitacion Valley Middle School coordinates education with whole-child care. Casework and counseling are also important components.
Visitacion Valley Middle School provides after-school academic help. Summer school programs enhance learning outside the traditional school year.
Single-Sex Academies (01:55)
Marina Middle School is a single-sex academy; students benefit from lack of distractions. This school and Lake Gibson also offers academic help outside the traditional school day and year.
Learning Rates (01:28)
Students need different amounts of time and support to meet academic standards. Education does not have to be limited to the traditional school day.
Students who do not speak English as their primary language have a major barrier to education. Offering instruction and support in their primary language can improve outcomes.
Social promotion can prevent students from low income families from reaching their full potential; schooling creates social discord by increasing the gap between the haves and have-nots.
Standards are a way for schools to be accountable. Curriculum and assessment must align with the standards.
To make learning real and relevant, schools need to emphasize knowledge that will be used and useful outside the classroom.
Credits: Alternative Strategies to Social Promotion (01:01)
Credits: Alternative Strategies to Social Promotion
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