Introduction: In Search of Haydn (02:00)
Experts comment on Haydn's legacy, especially in comparison to Mozart and Beethoven.
An expert comments on Haydn's portrait, and the image he sought to project. Luigia Polzelli became his mistress; she believed he fathered his second son.
Relationship With Mozart (00:31)
Haydn often visited young Mozart in Vienna. Mozart discussed his extensive travels, and the music he'd heard.
Leaving Confines (02:25)
Haydn was internationally famous but long under the thumb of his Esterhazy employers. In 1786, a Paris orchestra became by far the largest he'd ever composed for.
Weaker Symphonies Discussed (00:58)
Haydn's symphonies slumped as he focused on other genres; he rededicated himself for his Paris symphonies.
Populist Appeal (03:21)
Hayden sought to create music everybody could understand, in contrast with Baroque figures. A conductor discusses Italian and Eastern European influence.
Haydn became restless under the confines of his Esterhaza employment and unhappy marriage. Arias sometimes reflect his melancholy; hear Aria di Giannina, about marriage.
Maria Anna von Genzinger (03:29)
Platonic friend Maria Anna von Genzinger related to Haydn intellectually and artistically as neither his wife nor mistress could. Hear his letters to her quoted.
Haydn to London (02:02)
Prince Nikolaus's death left Haydn a free agent; Salomon signed him to go to London. Hear his reflections on arrival and life in London.
Effects of London (02:36)
The London concert life was more democratic and exciting than that in Vienna; Haydn's London symphonies are flamboyant, theatrical.
Haydn and Beethoven (03:11)
In London, Haydn eventually longed to return to Vienna. Passing through Bonn, he met Beethoven, and agreed to instruct him. A pianist demonstrates Haydn's influence on Beethoven.
String Quartet (00:58)
Upon return to Vienna, Haydn invented the string quartet, entering a period of feverish composition.
Keyboard Compositions (01:50)
Hear Keyboard Variations in F minor and Keyboard Trio in B flat.
Return to London (02:02)
In 1794, Haydn returned to London to perform the last six of his London symphonies. Hear his "Military Symphony."
London Symphonies (02:32)
Haydn remained productive and innovative into old age. The London Symphonies synthesize bold ideas under a genial surface.
Wartime Songs (03:32)
As Austria prepared to fight Napoleon, Haydn wrote the Mass "Missa in tempore belli," then wrote Austria's first National Anthem.
Trumpet Concerto (04:17)
A friend invented the keyed trumpet, greatly expanding the trumpet's possibilities, and asked Haydn for specially written music; the Trumpet Concerto resulted.
"The Creation" (03:11)
Haydn wrote "The Creation," one of his greatest works, in 1797. Singing has a large part.
Haydn's "The Creation" is expresses Enlightenment ideals about the perfectibility of man.
"The Seasons" (01:41)
Hear from the winter section Haydn's "The Seasons," while seeing outdoor winter images.
Final Piece (01:11)
At the end of his life, Haydn's declining health and spirits left him unable to complete String Quartet no. 103.
"Creation" Gala (00:51)
At an 1808 gala performance of "The Creation," Haydn was overcome by emotion. Beethoven was present and was said to have knelt and kissed him.
Haydn's Stature (01:03)
An expert considers Haydn as good as Mozart and Beethoven, though many are reluctant to rank him as a genius.
Credits: In Search of Haydn: Part Two (00:42)
Credits: In Search of Haydn: Part Two
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