Introduction: In Search of Beethoven: Part Two (00:46)
Beethoven, 35, is Vienna's greatest pianist and composer, but struggles with increasing deafness and cannot marry the aristocratic women he falls in love with.
Psychological Effects of Deafness (01:15)
People considered Razumovsky, a string quartet, to be quite mad.
Beethoven's Emotions (02:45)
Experts discuss Beethoven's fears about deafness threatening his image, and how this shaped his personality. He channeled wild emotions through organized thought.
Sixth Symphony (02:18)
Beethoven put on a four-hour concert in 1808, presenting his Sixth Symphony ("Pastoral") which evokes nature in its great variety, calculated to overwhelm.
Piano Concerto No. 4 (02:30)
Beethoven's Piano Concerto no. 4 begins with a theme on the piano, answered by the orchestra; an expert explains this as a significant departure.
Motive Forces (03:53)
Experts discuss the motives and internal forces driving Beethoven's music.
Last Piece Performed (01:29)
The Fourth Concerto was the last piece Beethoven played in public; losing this ability devastated his self-image. It was immensely difficult by contemporary standards.
Process of Composing (03:08)
Hear selections from Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. Beethoven could write quickly like Mozart, but knew he was writing for eternity and tinkered with perfecting his works.
Themes of Beethoven's Music (02:17)
Beethoven accepted a post in Castle, Germany, but was persuaded to stay in Vienna. Beethoven's music is rooted in human frailty and striving.
French Invasion (03:36)
Beethoven experienced misery as France besieged Vienna; his own music long championed revolutionary ideals. He wrote "Das Lebewhol" (farewell) as Archduke Rudolph departed.
"For Elize" (01:13)
Beethoven sought the hand of Therese Malfatti in marriage; the piece mistakenly called "Fur Elise" was dedicated to her.
Beethoven's sarcastic letter to his patron, Archduke Rudolph, is quoted. He met Goethe and refused to follow his example in showing respect as the imperial procession passed.
Antonie Brentano (01:14)
Beethoven wrote, but did not send, love letters to Antonie Brentano, apparently a married mother.
Custody Fight (01:50)
Beethoven's brother Kaspar Karl died; despising his brother's wife, he fought her for custody of nephew Karl. He became more erratic in the late 1810s.
Life Deteriorates (01:45)
Hear part of "An die ferne Geliebte." Beethoven became more reclusive as a result of complete deafness and failures with women.
Beethoven's Thoughts (00:60)
Beethoven's description of a dream about traveling the world, reaching Jerusalem, and of the vulgar world dragging down the artist, is quoted.
Mass Missa Solemnis (04:11)
Beethoven's Mass sought to "awaken and permanently instill religious feeling." A conductor discusses Beethoven's concept of God. The violin represents the Holy Spirit.
Ninth Symphony (07:27)
Experts comment on the anxious energy in his Ninth Symphony, the emotional contrast of despair and love, and the final movement.
Last String Quartet (03:46)
A dying Beethoven felt compelled to complete his final work. Experts relate his complete liberation from convention here to his deafness; he could hear only his inner voice.
Beethoven's Death (01:37)
Karl, bullied by Beethoven, attempted suicide. Beethoven continued to hope for improved health and planned a Tenth Symphony, but died.
Beethoven's Legacy (01:05)
Beethoven reached monumental heights others thought they could not match, pushing other composers away from his model.
Credits: In Search of Beethoven: Part Two (00:29)
Credits: In Search of Beethoven: Part Two
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