Introduction: The Wild West: Wild Canada (01:51)
The extreme Canadian West has some of the most diverse habitat and greatest variety of wildlife found in the country. This episode will explore how humans have shaped the landscape.
Pacific Salmon Migration (01:37)
For over 6 million years salmon have been migrating from deep in the Pacific Ocean to spawn in the place of their birth. Killer whales and seals feast on the salmon.
Creation of Clam Beds (04:36)
Crows feast on clams, which are easy to spot at low tide when they squirt water through their siphons. Aerial surveys reveal rock patterns, an artificial cove built by the nation's first people.
Migration from Siberia (00:59)
At the end of the last ice age, humans migrated into the continent along the Pacific coast. They survived on fish, including salmon, plants and mammals.
Wolves Share Salmon Catch (04:25)
Salmon undergo major changes while heading inland to spawn. Wolves catch salmon in coastal inlets and after eating the heads, they leave the flesh for scavengers and come back for the skin.
Salmon Leap Steep Rapids (03:06)
Salmon can detect on particle in a billion that may be characteristic of the river where they hatched. See slow motion film as they leap the equivalent of a human jumping 4 stories.
Salmon Fishing Black Bear (03:14)
Salmon swimming upstream, to the exact spot where they hatched, become prey to bald eagles and black bears. Salmon provide high protein for the bears.
Rotting Salmon Nourish Trees (01:14)
In British Columbia, scavengers carry thousands of tons of salmon into the forest each year, providing up to 80% of the marine based nitrogen in the forests.
Heiltsuk Redistribute Salmon Eggs (03:25)
Sockeye is one of the six different species of Pacific salmon. See a pair spawning. Learn how the "salmon people" moved eggs to populate different streams.
Golden Eagle Captures Dall Sheep (05:09)
Dall sheep have adapted to the extreme conditions of inland mountains. At low altitudes, they are prey to grizzly bears and lynx. Separated from its mother, a lamb is carried away by an eagle.
Humans in the Canadian Rockies (01:22)
Called "impenetrable peaks" by European settlers, the Rockies were home to many First Nations people and they would trek for weeks to trade on the coast.
Bighorn Compete for Mating Rights (04:12)
Hear how the sheep survive on snow covered mountains, determine social ranking by horn size, know when females are ready to breed and about head butting competitions.
Chum Salmon & Spruce Trees (02:37)
In the Northern Yukon territory, near the Arctic Circle, open water supports a salmon spawning migration. The surrounding forest is nourished by salmon carcasses.
Grizzly Bears Bulk up for Winter (02:31)
In a desperate struggle for survival, bears brave below freezing temperatures to catch and eat enough fish to sustain them through a long harsh winter.
Yukon Territorial Park (02:53)
Grizzly bear hierarchy is determined by size and temperament. The usually solitary bears are seen in a rare event thanks to the protection of the land by the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation.
Credits: The Wild West: Wild Canada (00:35)
Credits: The Wild West: Wild Canada
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