Building Pharaoh's Chariot Intro (02:14)
This segment orients viewers to the Egyptian chariot; a team of experts will recreate the ancient war machine. (Program sponsors)
New Kingdom, 1550 BCE (02:52)
A soldier's tomb depicts the war against the Hyksos and the implementation of the chariot. In the years that followed, tombs and temple walls were adorned with chariots.
Plans for a Working Egyptian Chariot (02:31)
Robert Hurford discusses chariot challenges. Kathryn Hansen will make the harness. Mike Loades will explore the chariot as a weapons system. They meet the carpenter, Abdou.
Chariots Make Their Way to Egypt (02:33)
Horse domestication and chariot building began about bout 4,000 BC. See a basic Egyptian chariot. Hurford locates a wood steam-bender to form the chariot pieces.
Egyptian Chariot Technology (02:27)
Bela Sandor studies chariots found in Tutankhamun's tomb; Egyptians created the first high performance vehicle. Hansen examines an ancient bronze horse bit and images of the chariot in action.
Chariot Woods (02:24)
Hurford selects mulberry for the wheel and beech for the poles and the body. He and Sandor discuss the joint above the axle.
Building the Egyptian Chariot (02:07)
Hurford and Abdou make the floor frame, wheel hubs, and axle. Hansen and Sayed Maksoud find two pairs of horses to pull the chariot.
Luxor, Egypt (02:27)
Hurford and Hansen examine paintings and reliefs in the tombs of ancient nobles and officials. They locate images of chariots and chariot building.
Egyptian Harness (01:06)
Hansen brings her designs to harness makers in Cairo; they begin cutting the leather to her specifications.
Chariot Evolution (02:52)
Hurford and Hansen identify significant changes in tomb reliefs and paintings. Sandor discusses the improved axle positioning and increased wheel spokes.
Egyptian Chariot Wheels (02:16)
Hurford works with steam-benders to create the V-spokes and rims. He and Abdou begin to assemble the wheels.
Tuthmosis III's Chariot (02:09)
Egyptologist Steven Harvey explains the reliefs showing the pharaoh's victory at Megiddo. Hurford and Hansen agree to base their replica on this chariot.
Electrum Chariot (02:00)
At the Cairo Museum, Hurford and Hansen find a harness and pieces of a front leather panel from ancient Egypt. Hurford decides to make two chariots.
Chariot Wheels (01:44)
Bela Sandor examines Hurford and Abdou's wheels. They test the strength of the wheels and hubs.
Main Pole of the Chariot (02:05)
Steam-benders struggle to create two S-shaped poles; they both crack. Hurford decides to repair one of them.
Chariot Difficulties (02:01)
Hansen finds the leather harness too big, but is happy with the bridle and bit. Hurford lashes the chariot together with rawhide and weaves the chariot floor.
Leather Chariot (04:57)
Hansen and Hurford disagree on the rigidity of the yoke. Testing reveals problems with the neck forks. Steam-benders successfully make the main pole for the electrum chariot.
Testing in Dashur (03:06)
The team watches as Loades tests the leather chariot; the harness initially causes problems.
Testing the Chariot as a Weapon (02:32)
The horses pull the chariot at 24 mph. The team watches as Loades tries to hit a target from the moving chariot using a bow and arrows.
Pharaoh's Battle Chariot (02:55)
Experts work on the final details of the electrum chariot. The team watches as Loades tests battle tactics in the chariot.
Chariot Battle (02:53)
Ramesses II battled against the Hittites at Kadesh; both sides claimed victory. The team reflects on what they have learned about the chariot.
Credits: Building Pharaoh's Chariot (01:06)
Credits: Building Pharaoh's Chariot
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