Architectural Innovation (01:29)
Geoffrey Baer will explore ten pioneering buildings that changed America's cultural and urban landscape.
Sponsor Message: 10 Buildings That Changed the World (00:48)
Sponsor Message: 10 Buildings That Changed the World
Virginia State Capitol (02:13)
Learn how Thomas Jefferson's classical style design represented architectural independence from Britain.
Maison Carrée (01:36)
Learn how Jefferson designed the Virginia State Capitol after a Roman temple in France.
Classical Temple Architecture (01:51)
Learn how Jefferson's Virginia State Capitol design inspired other government buildings during the nation’s infancy.
Trinity Church (01:50)
Boston's landmark pioneered Richardsonian Romanesque style. Learn the architect's intentions to attract a large congregation.
Engineering Trinity Church (01:03)
Learn how Richardson's original tower design was altered for structural integrity.
American Renaissance (01:36)
Learn how Richardsonian Romanesque architecture embodied the post-Civil War spirit and inspired buildings across the nation.
Wainwright Building (01:39)
Louis Sullivan's Saint Louis skyscraper drew on earlier architectural innovations, including skeleton frame construction and elevators.
Skyscraper Pioneer (01:20)
Learn how Sullivan revolutionized tall building design. Frank Lloyd Wright recalls drafting the Wainwright Building.
Tripartite Design (02:13)
Learn how Sullivan's Wainwright Building emphasizes the steel frame for visual effect—inspiring a century of skyscrapers.
Prairie Style Houses (01:16)
Learn how Frank Lloyd Wright's designs departed from Victorian architecture and fit into the Midwest landscape.
Robie House (02:40)
Wright's 1910 Chicago design emphasizes drama and features an open floor plan—departing from the Victorian style of home architecture.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Legacy (01:21)
Learn how the Robie House inspired ranch-style suburban architecture throughout the U.S.
Highland Park Ford Plant (02:17)
Learn how Henry Ford commissioned Albert Kahn to build an open, daylight industrial space for his Model T assembly line.
Engineering an Assembly Line (02:17)
Learn how Ford's Highland Park plant revolutionized industrial production. He and Kahn improved on the design and inspired 20th century factory architecture.
Southdale Center (01:42)
Learn how socialist architect Victor Gruen designed the Edina, Minnesota mall as a response to suburban commercial strips.
Suburban Mall Formula (03:27)
Learn how Gruen's indoor retail space revolutionized the American shopping experience. Despite his community vision, Southdale Center replicas promoted sprawl.
Seagram Building (02:20)
Learn how Phyllis Lambert contracted Mies van der Rohe to design the New York headquarters of her father Samuel Bronfman's company.
International Style Architecture (03:38)
Mies van der Rohe's modernist aesthetic was attractive to corporate America. Learn how the Seagram Building's plaza inspired similar urban designs.
Dulles International Airport (01:33)
Eero Saarinen's modernist design captured '60s excitement around air travel.
Dulles "Hammock" Roof (03:02)
Learn how Saarinen's airport design used passenger transport "lounges" and combined modern and classical elements to represent a gateway to Washington, D.C.
Vanna Venturi House (01:14)
Learn how Robert Venturi's postmodern Philadelphia home sparked an architectural debate.
Complexity and Contradiction (03:33)
Venturi believed modernist minimalism was limiting. Learn how whimsical elements in his home design represent postmodern architecture.
Postmodernist Architecture (01:03)
Learn how Robert Venturi's Vanna House inspired "cheap" imitations.
Walt Disney Concert Hall (01:56)
Acclaimed U.S. architect Frank Gehry reflects on winning the design competition for the Los Angeles music venue.
Architectural Technology (02:25)
Learn how Gehry used computer software to created an acoustically interactive music hall with an exterior inspired by sailing.
21st Century American Architecture (01:34)
Gehry's pioneering technology and creative spirit offer a new model for public building design. Learn how he continues a U.S. tradition of reinventing design.
Credits: 10 Buildings That Changed the World (01:30)
Credits: 10 Buildings That Changed the World
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