80 Years of Change and Hope (02:17)
Bertrand Russell does not want to learn to change his hopes for the world. He reflects on how different the world has become since he was a child.
Russell's Early Years (04:38)
Bertrand Russell was born in 1872 and raised by his grandparents. Russell discusses his grandfather's political life, the Bismarck, and austere living.
Cambridge Education (03:11)
Bertrand Russell arrived in Cambridge at the age of 18. He explains the two things sparked his interest in philosophy.
What is Important? (02:09)
Bertrand Russell describes his "life of disagreements." He explains his opposition of WWI and support of WWII.
Russell on Government (01:53)
Bertrand Russell explains how his feelings toward the Bolsheviks caused disagreement. He recalls his trip to China and its government.
Educational Interest (03:51)
Bertrand Russell discusses progressive schools, discipline, and freedom in education.
Clarity and Exact Thinking (02:09)
Bertrand Russell shares his views on abstract philosophy and reflects on his pursuits if he were a young man.
Becoming a Happy World (04:10)
Bertrand Russell discusses the three things that the world needs to adapt to the industrial revolution.
Asia's Future (01:51)
Bertrand Russell discusses Asia's path to declaring equality with the white man.
Philosophical Influences (01:52)
Bertrand Russell believes Marx is the most important influence. Russell believes we should accept philosophies with a measure of doubt; philosophies should be inspired by kindly feelings.
Strong Feelings (01:22)
Bertrand Russell hopes that mankind will emerge from dreadful "things" and into a happy world.
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