In & Out of the Cuckoo's Nest (02:35)
Jack Nicholson's impersonation of a grand mal seizure in the blockbuster film "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" created irrational unforgettable fear about electroconvulsive therapy. Baseball great Jimmy Piersall received ECT in the 50s for major depressive disorder as depicted in "Fear Strikes Out."
ECT Strikes Controversy (00:54)
Shortly after the public learned Senator Thomas Eagleton had received electric shock treatment for his mental distress, he was dropped from the presidential campaign. See archival footage of McGovern's announcement.
Treatment Room 2 (02:16)
Ted Chabasinski was one of 98 children who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and forced to undergo electric-shock therapy at Bellevue Hospital in the 1940s. Leonard Frank was forced to endure ECT treatments when his father had him committed to a psychiatric facility for becoming a beatnik.
Legendary Tales (01:47)
Actress Frances Farmer portrayed by Jessica Lange in "Frances," received ECT against her will after being committed by her mother. Ernest Hemingway lost his memories after undergoing ECT. He committed suicide shortly after stopping the treatments. Dick Cavett referred to his results from ECT as "miraculous."
Psycho-pharmaceuticals Edge Out ECT (01:05)
Since Thorazine's introduction in 1954 as an alternative to electroshock therapy, the anti-depressant drug industry has exploded into a multi-bilion dollar industry.
ECT Therapy: A Last Resort (02:10)
Kitty Dukakis' doctor felt she was a perfect candidate for ECT. Unaware it was an option, patients suffering from severe depression consider a terrifying alternative to ineffective drugs, electroconvulsive therapy.
Body of Evidence (02:29)
A 2005 study proves the positive effect of electroconvulsive therapy on suicidal patients. Why are patients allowed to suffer for years before being offered ECT?
ECT Offers Symptom Remission (01:22)
Seventy-five percent of ECT recipients will see immediate relief making it one of the safest and most effective treatments available in psychiatry.
I Forget (02:27)
Most patients have some degree of memory loss from electroconvulsive therapy. Patients describe personal experience with memory loss from ECT.
Losing a Sense of One's Self (03:00)
Doctors explain bilateral and unilateral electroconvulsive therapy. Having lost important memories in her life, Republican legislator Anne Donahue advocates for tougher disclosure laws for ECT.
Credits: Part 2: Electroconvulsive Therapy (01:01)
Credits: Part 2: Electroconvulsive Therapy
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