Personality Disorders (03:20)
The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM) identifies 10 types of personality disorders, separated into three clusters. Affected people tend to be high-cost, frequent users of mental services.
Personality Disorders: Clusters & Characteristics (02:44)
Cluster A includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal behaviors. Cluster B includes antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic behaviors. Cluster C includes avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
Personality Disorders: Criteria (04:02)
The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM) lists criteria for what a personality disorder is. Many patients present with components that cross personality disorder clusters.
Personality Disorders Causes: Biological Factors (02:36)
The development of personality "is dependent on many factors and can be looked at from many perspectives." Experts explain biological factors that contribute to development of personality disorders.
Personality Disorders Causes: Developmental Factors (01:51)
Experts expand on the theory that personality disorders are products of a child's early relationships with his or her primary caregivers.
Assessment & Diagnosis (02:19)
The assessment and diagnosis of personality disorders requires an evaluation of an individual's long-term patterns of functioning by qualified professionals.
Assessment Tools (01:56)
Making a distinction between a "normal" personality style and a disorder can sometimes be accomplished by assessing personality functions in six main areas. Other issues are ethic, cultural, social background, and gender.
Assessment Complications (02:14)
Assessment of personality disorders can be complicated because characteristics that define a personality disorder may not be experienced as problematic to an individual. Coping mechanisms include defensiveness.
Personality Disorder Treatment (04:04)
Long-term psychotherapy is often considered the treatment of choice for many personality disorders. Behavioral and cognitive approaches have proven successful in some cases.
Components of Therapy (02:31)
Medications for personality disorders can be helpful in relieving some symptoms; conversely, medications may do more harm than good. The individual's desire for change is key.
Credits: Causes, Assessment, and Treatment: Personality Disorders (01:09)
Credits: Causes, Assessment, and Treatment: Personality Disorders
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