Origin of the Internet (02:55)
The Internet was developed during the Cold War. Follow the acronyms such as DARPA and ARPNET as they come closer to the Internet of today. On October 29, 1969, the first message was sent over ARPNET.
Packet Switching (03:36)
In 1961, Paul Barand proposed breaking up messages into smaller packets. Packet switching was the perfect way to handle large amounts of data traffic in networks. Radio waves and then telephone wires were used to for transmission.
World Wide Web (04:00)
Initially the World Wide Web was a software package that used hypertext. In 1991, the first web browser came into being. Gopher is an information access protocol that predates the World Wide Web. Tim Berners-Lee is the father of the Internet.
Business on the Worldwide Web (02:32)
By 1993, the Web had 15 million users. Sharing texts, images, products, and services traveled through the Web. Between 1995 and 2000, a bubble of millionaires and million-dollar businesses emerged over the Web. The bubble burst in 2000.
Peer-to-Peer Sharing (03:18)
Google founders Sergei Brin and Larry Page sold the search engine for $1 million in 1999. Today it is valued at $200 billion. Napster software made it possible to share songs and bypass licensing agreements and intellectual property rights.
Identity Protection (04:31)
Identity and information security prompted Tor software originally designed to protect government communications. Today, Wikipedia represents a form of collective intelligence.
Web 3.0 (02:00)
Web 3.0 is a third phase in the evolution of the World Wide Web. It is based on the idea that the Internet 'understands' the pieces of information it stores and is able to make logical connections between them. The user has only to sit back and let the Internet do all the work.
Credits: Virtual World: Quirky Science (00:44)
Credits: Virtual World: Quirky Science
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