Introduction: Pharmacological Treatment and Classification of Pain (01:06)
This film focuses on pain treatment and the various classifications of pain; interdisciplinary physical and cognitive behavioral modalities play a central role. Common agents include NSAIDs, non-opioid analgesics, opioids, and adjunctive medications.
Non-Narcotic Medications (03:33)
NSAIDs are the most common family of pain relievers. All non-opioid relievers, except Toradol, are only available in oral forms. Acetaminophen can be used alone or as an adjunct. Learn advantages and disadvantages of NSAIDs and medication side effects. Medical marijuana may be used for chronic pain control.
The agents generally used for moderate to severe pain can be naturally occurring or synthetic compounds. These include morphine, codeine, oxycodone, methadone, fentanyl, and hydromorphone. Learn routes of administration, advantages, and disadvantages of use.
Adjunctive Medications (06:28)
Learn the treatment purposes of medications including corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, local anesthetics, antiarrhythmics, tricyclic and SSRI antidepressants, certain antipsychotics, psychostimulants, specialized muscle relaxants, anxiolytic medications, antiemetics, stool softeners, laxatives, and sleeping aids. The equianalgesic dosage chart identifies conversion factors.
Classification of Pain (08:47)
Learn the etiology and treatment cycle of acute, chronic non-malignant, and chronic malignant pain. Over 50% of post-surgical patients have inadequate pain management. Approximately 25-85% of HIV patients experience chronic pain. Review the W.H.O.'s three-step model of pain medication usage.
Credits: Pharmacological Treatment and Classification of Pain (00:29)
Credits: Pharmacological Treatment and Classification of Pain
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