Segments in this Video

Introduction to Globalization (01:21)


A Nobel Prize Winner explains how globalization could work if the rules were fair. A human rights activist in Malawi speaks out about poverty and powerlessness.

Lilongwe, Malawi (01:39)

The increase of poverty in Africa is addressed and Malawi is highlighted as the 12th poorest country on earth. All goods are imported and it is know for never having a war.

Why the Poorest Countries in the World are in Africa (02:00)

An 18 year-old mother explains why she believes that HIV causes poverty. A saleswoman says the people rely on cropping to make money which depends on the unpredictable weather.

The Poorest Part of Malawi (02:49)

A woman explains her views of food being the biggest problem and how she has to harvest daily in order to make money. The farmer shows her crop and explains that she believes the politicians are at fault for the country being poor.

An Agricultural Economy (03:00)

Malawi relies on corn and porridge which means the people would starve without it. The number of deaths due to crop failure is discussed. Tobacco is a vital crop that generates less money as the value is depreciating.

Tobacco Plantations (03:03)

A large plantation is shown and the minister of agriculture explains how he believes exportation of goods is necessary to rid Malawi of poverty. Irrigation is a necessity and big companies are needed to financially support this.

Beverly Hills, CA USA (01:49)

Some of the richest people on earth live in Beverly Hills; the protection of property is emphasized. A European man explains how he believes with money comes influence, power, and even more opportunity.

Why is America Rich? (02:07)

A professor of economic history explains that Westerners seized ceased financial power in the 16th century and how China moved the whole economic region.

Christopher Columbus Discovers America (02:02)

Hernan Cortes was a Spanish leader who followed Christopher Columbus and had a dramatic effect on the course of history. A professional of history explains how Mexico was ruled by Indians and Cortes took on the Aztecs.

Ancient Mexico City (01:59)

Mexico City is one of the largest cities on earth with approximately 200 million people. Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Mashikas in 1519 where 250,000 people lived. A historian explains what this beautiful city consisted of in the ancient days.

Tenochtitlan (01:49)

Remnants of the canals still exist and ruins of the Mashika temple grounds can be found in the middle of Mexico City. This was the headquarters of the fighters know as the eagle warriors who were responsible for protecting the richest Mashikas.

An Advanced Civilization (01:40)

A professor explains the estimated populations of the new world and how the Aztecs were an advanced civilization who collected implements and tools made of silver and gold. Human sacrifices were the reason Cortes managed to take over.

Repaying the Gods (02:13)

A historian explains the human sacrifices, the Mashika's beliefs, and how they viewed other people as enemies. Mexicans were hated and feared as they had conquered their own allies. Cortes and Moctezuma met.

The Mashikas Welcome Hernan Cortes (01:02)

A history expert speaks about the gifts given and how the people received him like a god. Cortes resembled a god named Quetzalcoatl and this would serve to be the Mashika's biggest mistake as Cortes decides to conquer Tenochtitlan.

Destruction of the Aztecs (01:41)

Cortes allies with the surrounding tribes and destroys Tenochtitlan. The people were enslaved, noble families were killed, temples, pyramids, and monuments were destroyed. A professor explains how European diseases killed many Aztecs.

Europeans Conquer the Indian Ocean. (02:25)

Veracruz became the most important seaport and silver was the way Europeans bought into the trades with China. Europeans used war and trade to conquer the Indian Ocean. The English find coal and the British have an advantage.

Industrialism (03:20)

Manchester became the birth place of industrialism. A taxi driver shows the old coal mines. Ancient clothing machines are displayed at the Quarry Bank Mill.

Quarry Bank Mill Laborers. (01:57)

A Quarry Bank Mill historian explains the rigorous schedule employees who lived in the apprenticeship house had to follow. The textile industry was the first part of the industrial revolution and the link of trade with America.

The Trade Triangle (01:03)

The British sold guns and clothes to Africa, slaves to America, and cotton from America to Britain which gave them control. Steam power allowed British to produce lower priced goods than the Asian culture.

The Century Country (02:16)

The key to British success was making the Chinese sign a treaty agreement. Confucius taught the people the importance of harmony and China was ran by a hierarchy. The British took China over in the 19th century.

Opium is Introduced (03:06)

There was minimal contact between China and the English. The British flooded the Chinese market with opium causing the people to become drug users. The industrial revolution brought increasing wealth to the Americans and the English.

Shifting Global Power (01:56)

The current globalization has been influenced by colonialism and predictions of the future globalization is discussed. A European voices his opinion on how they can not compete with the Chinese and the Japanese.

Poverty in Africa (02:07)

The colonialism of the 19th century was devastating for Africa and a Nobel Prize Winner explains how advanced industrial companies take advantage of them. It is believed that this is the very reason Africa is poor and will remain poor.

Share the Wealth (02:52)

Overpopulation, HIV, colonialism, exploitation, and lack of infrastructure are major problems in this continent. A human rights activist speaks about how the world has normalized the differences in poor and rich people and how this is an issue.

Globalization-A Real-World View: Credits (00:45)

Globalization-A Real-World View: Credits

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Economic Gaps: Globalization—A Real-World View

Part of the Series : Globalization: A Real-World View
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Welcome to Beverly Hills, California, where some of America’s wealthiest citizens have created their own personal versions of paradise. But don’t get too comfortable—this program whisks viewers off to Mexico City and Lilongwe, Malawi, as well, showing how different life can be in all three parts of the world and how globalization has amplified the economic gaps between them. In addition, the film provides an extensive analysis of the development of the global economy through compelling historical narratives—including the Spanish colonization of Central America, spearheaded by Hernán Cortés in an effort to find cheap trading silver, and the crucial role of child labor and forced trade agreements in the rise of British economic might.

Length: 53 minutes

Item#: BVL47500

ISBN: 978-1-62102-418-7

Copyright date: ©2009

Closed Captioned

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