Introduction: Us vs. Them (02:21)
In the U.S., many people view political opponents as bad people. This film examines us versus them thinking, its evolutionary roots, the impact of social media, and political manipulation. (Credits)
Fact and Bias (05:19)
Americans have access to thousands of news sources and disagree about solutions and facts. Children are more likely to make positive associations with those in their group and negative associations with those who are not. Humans make many decisions on autopilot.
Autopilot Bias (03:40)
A video reveals an anti-Trump protestor confronting pro-Trump marchers; viewers make comments based on bias, not facts. Confirmation bias is the most problematic aspect of decision making; an experiment reveals how it shapes our lives.
Partisan Thought (02:25)
Studies reveal that most people only carefully consider evidence that supports their chosen position and ignore definitive evidence that reveals flaws. Humans make many decisions based on cognitive illusions; we experience the world our minds create.
Confirmation Bias (06:59)
Humans must engage slow thinking to prevent mind hacking; we can easily lose control of our attention. In the early 19th century, tabloids realize that sensationalism sells. Social media makes audiences into products. Facebook mimics how family and friends view the world.
Bias Divisiveness (04:39)
Social media provides the opportunity for constant self-presentation and creates an environment of hyper-moralism and hyper-judgmentalism. Russian operatives hack social media and inflame pre-existing biases with fake stories. Buddhist extremists in Sri Lanka post fake stories about Muslims.
Fake vs. Fact (04:25)
Humans are often irrational and appear to lack a filter for bad social information. Laurie Santos studies whether disinformation more easily fools dogs or children.
Alex Jones' program exploits people's willingness to embrace disinformation. Santos studies rhesus monkeys to better understand why us vs. them disinformation is appealing. People continuously use markers and make decisions based on language.
Slow vs. Fast Thinking (06:33)
We often use slow thinking when engaging with members of our group but stay on autopilot when thinking about "the other group." Jacob Ward participates in an autopilot experiment. Sendhil Mullainathan discusses overriding thoughts and their impact.
Overcoming Us vs. Them Thinking (04:18)
In 2016, Tommy Gunn allows BLM members to speak at a Trump rally. John Haidt uses world cuisine to help people understand that we all value the same things. Political leaders exploit our fears to obtain and maintain power.
Census Projections (05:52)
Media outlets report that the U.S. majority population will be non-white by 2043. Jennifer Richeson and her colleagues conduct "The Rise of Trump Study." Cues can make people change their politics.
Social Media Threatens Democracy (02:46)
There will always be material to keep the left and right in a state of outrage. Fewer than 1/3 of young people think living in a democracy is important; one in six support military control. Ward highlights the final episode in this series.
Credits: Us vs. Them (00:46)
Credits: Us vs. Them
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