Introduction: Living on Auto-Pilot (02:08)
This film will explore how the human brain functions on autopilot and the ways in which that function gets exploited. (Credits)
Big Data and Decisions (04:17)
Marketers, governments, and politicians can access details about our decisions and behaviors, and use them to hack our minds. Decision Science explains why we are vulnerable and countermeasures. Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky reveal that humans make most decision using fast thinking.
Cayo Santiago (05:34)
Laurie Santos studies similarities between rhesus macaque and human autopilot systems. We rely on habits, intuitions, and emotion. Beatrice de Gelder's patient demonstrates blindsight.
Slow Thinking System (02:40)
This process of decision making is conscious, time-consuming, reasoned, and energy-draining. Slow thinking can stop the autopilot system, but it is difficult. Experts measure the speed in which various regions of the brain process a decision.
"The Anchoring Game" (06:14)
Humans rely on autopilot thinking whenever possible. Jacob Ward compares driving in a familiar neighborhood to driving in England. Autopilot can lead to serious, but predictable, mistakes. Ward explains the use of anchors.
Autopilot Mistakes (05:03)
Humans frequently rely on shortcuts. Mahzarin Banaji discusses historical beliefs about the human face and using incorrect facial cues to make decisions. The framing of a surgery as a loss or gain determines how doctors feel about the procedure.
Thought Evolution (06:37)
Ward meets with the Hadza in Tanzania to better understand why humans have not evolved beyond the autopilot process; he goes hunting with Dofu. Intuitions have evolved to improve survival in conditions like what the Hadza experience.
Autopilot Biases (03:50)
Despite modern changes, humans often make decisions based on bias; it is difficult to overcome. One unconscious bias is the preference of one person over many. Researchers question when to trust feelings.
Biases and Response (03:52)
Humans are sometimes guilty of self-serving bias. Some biases are the result of explicit prejudice, but most are from mental shortcuts. Ward and Kahneman discuss sexism and mental stories.
Implicit Bias (05:11)
Young children appear to be hard-wired to treat those that look them as good and those who do not as bad. Yarrow Dunham discusses the speed in which biases manifest. Ward takes an implicit association test.
Bias Study (07:12)
A debate on whether white cops are bias against black people ensues. Stanford researchers examine body cam footage of Oakland officer interactions and discover conversational differences depending on the person's color. Jennifer Eberhardt helps educate officers on implicit bias and auto-pilot decisions.
Decision Making (02:42)
Everyone makes decisions that are influenced by implicit biases. We make most of our important decision based on cognitive delusions. Turn off your fast thinking system whenever possible.
Credits: Living on Auto-Pilot (00:46)
Credits: Living on Auto-Pilot
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