Women and Representation (03:44)
Women impact the perceptions of war through art, photography, literature, and journalism. Myths eclipse the battlefield contributions of Boadicea and Joan of Arc; they become part of propaganda.
Goddess Athene (02:03)
Sculptress Emily Young works on a piece for the Imperial War Museum's "Women at War" exhibition, hoping to capture the essential woman. Kate Adie discusses myths of Athene.
Joan of Arc (02:54)
Joan of Arc leads an army against the English in 1429. Dr. Kelly Devries discusses propaganda before and after her death. The French repeatedly use Joan as a symbol during war; the Church canonizes her in 1920.
Enlistment Campaigns (05:45)
In the early 1900s, musical entertainers, including Vesta Tilley, help the recruitment drive. The Order of the White Feather attempts to shame men into enlisting; satirical writer Compton Mackenzie mocks the group.
Women's Suffrage and Support (04:21)
World War I coincides with the growing suffrage movement. The movement has 53 organizations in the U.K. and some have opposing views about war. In 1939, there is a brief official endorsement that women should resist by force.
War Art (06:19)
Many women want to record war scenes but are not allowed. Doris Zinkeisen paints scenes of the Red Cross at work and Bergen-Belsen. In 1982, Linda Kitson photographs the Falklands War.
Felicia Browne (03:28)
Browne is the first British volunteer to die in the fight against Francisco Franco. Fred Mann discusses her art and activities in Spain. British leadership discourages women at the front lines.
War Photography (04:14)
Still cameras enhance the reportage of WWII. Lee Miller records her perspective of events in France and Germany; she becomes a combat photographer at the siege of Saint-Malo.
Modern Photography (04:49)
Jenny Matthews discusses the goals of her photographs; sharing experiences makes us human. She photographs images in Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, and anti-war marches. Some women take up arms out of necessity.
War Journalism (02:57)
Martha Gellhorn covers the Spanish Civil War in 1936 with a unique tone; she conveys liberal sympathies.
Professional Risks (04:12)
Today, women are subjects and authors of war journalism. Orla Guerin discusses necessary attributes, safety practices, and the personal impact of her job. Women have made significant contributions during war.
Credits: Words and Pictures (00:35)
Credits: Words and Pictures
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