Introduction: Islam (02:01)
This episode will explore how the passions and complexities of Islamic belief are expressed in architecture. Muslims pray five times a day. John McCarthy will examine individuals who have created religious buildings and those who worship in them. (Credits)
"Dome of the Rock" (04:47)
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam view Abraham as a father figure. The building in Jerusalem is located on the site where Solomon's temple once stood. Haram esh-Sharif is the location where Mohammad ascended to heaven.
Mosque in Kairouan (06:24)
Mourad Rammah discusses how the Tunisian city became a central hub for the Muslim world. The prayer room is a series of columns that block the faithful from the imam. All mosques feature a Mihrab and minbar; the call to prayer is made easier by the minaret.
Mosque in Cordoba (05:55)
Martin Marquez discusses how the mosque served as an educational center for the region and negotiations to remove the Basilica of Saint Vincent. The interior of the mosque focuses on the spirituality of the individual; the mihrab is decorated with mosaics.
Hagia Sophia (03:04)
After Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople, new mosques are built and the cathedral is converted; architects learn how to create semi-domes. Added Islamic decorations include medallions and minarets.
Blue Mosque (04:56)
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque dates back to the 17th century. Decorations include mosaics, tiles, and stained glass. Ferudun Ozgunus describes rituals performed during the daily prayers.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque (01:26)
Located in Isfahan, only sunrays light the interior. Arabesques cover the walls.
Madrassas in Samarkand (04:38)
Sher-Dor Madrasah, Ulugh Beg, and Madrasa Tilya Kori are constructed around Registan Square. Students can remain at a school for up to 15 years. Tamerlane, founder of the Mughal Empire, is buried at the Guri Amir.
Taj Mahal (04:29)
The mausoleum is the burial place of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Quran quotations adorn the front entrance. Extensive gardens and a reflecting pool surround the monument.
Shah Jahan Mosque (05:39)
The front facade is hidden in an industrial complex in Woking. McCarthy describes how the mosque was built as part of Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner's college on Oriental Studies; the ablution rooms are located inside. Islam wants to integrate within a community.
Assyafaah Mosque (06:36)
Architect Tan Kok Hiang discusses his desire for a contemporary design that moved away from Middle-Eastern architecture. Repeating geometric forms help achieve a state of calm. The ground floor is open with the exception of the mihrab.
Brick Lane Jamme Masjid (03:34)
Mosques are centers for the community and places of learning. More than 2,000 men arrive every Friday to perform Jumu'ah. The building's previous uses include a Methodist chapel, a church, and a synagogue.
Credits: Islam (00:35)
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