Holst—"The Planets": Introduction (07:06)
The opening of "Zarathustra" appears in the film, "2001." Gustav Holst employs a bass oboe, tenor tuba, alto flute, and an organ in his orchestral suite. The seven movements are devoted to the astrological characters of Mars, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
"The Planets": Mars, the Bringer of War (07:31)
This section depicts machine guns, tanks, screaming, fanfares, and marching. Leonard Bernstein conducts the New York Philharmonic in the Holst composition. Ugly events can make beautiful art.
"The Planets": Venus, the Bringer of Peace (06:09)
This movement is full of rich harmony and gentle music; it highlights individuality through instrument solos. Bernstein conducts the New York Philharmonic in the Holst composition.
"The Planets": Mercury, the Winged Messenger and Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity. (14:40)
Mercury is the smallest planet and has the shortest orbit. Jupiter brings wealth, power, and position. The orchestra plays in two keys and rhythms. Bernstein conducts the New York Philharmonic in the Holst composition.
"The Planets": Uranus, the Musician (07:57)
Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age, is long and slow; Uranus is linked to the sign of Aquarius. Bernstein conducts the New York Philharmonic in the movement.
"The Planets": Pluto, the Unpredictable (05:14)
Pluto was discovered after Holst composed this work; it is the darkest and most mysterious planet. The New York Philharmonic improvises a piece about Pluto.
Credits: Holst—The Planets (00:42)
Credits: Holst—The Planets
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