Newborn Placed on Abdomen (Prone) (01:54)
This film presents sequences of children during developmental stages without commentary. The first shows a newborn with his knees curled up to the abdomen. His arms are close to the chest and bent at the elbows; the head turns to one side.
Newborn Lying on the Back (Supine) (01:07)
A newborn keeps his arms and legs semi flexed and exhibits jerky, irregular kicking movements.
Newborn Held in Ventral Suspension (00:50)
A newborn's head and legs are below the level of the back, making a curve. His legs are partly flexed.
Newborn Held Sitting (00:31)
A newborn's back is completely curved; his head rests on the chest.
Newborn Pulled to Sitting (01:04)
A newborn exhibits complete head lag; the head falls back as he is pulled up and then flops forward onto the chest.
Newborn Hands (00:25)
A newborn's hands are clenched in fists.
Newborn Vision (02:09)
Newborns see most clearly between 15 and 30 centimeters and will follow a bright object moved slowly. They concentrate on the care person's face while feeding and are occasionally cross eyed.
Newborn Primitive Reflexes: Rooting (01:08)
Babies exhibit automatic, involuntary movements in response to specific stimuli. See a demonstration of the rooting reflex.
Newborn Primitive Reflexes: Sucking (01:39)
Babies exhibit automatic, involuntary movements in response to specific stimuli. See demonstrations of the sucking reflex.
Newborn Primitive Reflexes: Grasping (00:59)
Babies exhibit automatic, involuntary movements in response to specific stimuli. See a demonstration of the grasping reflex.
Newborn Primitive Reflexes: Walking (01:03)
Babies exhibit automatic, involuntary movements in response to specific stimuli. See a demonstration of the walking reflex.
One Month Old Lying on the Back (Supine) (00:59)
A baby turns his head to one side and stretches out his arm and leg on the head facing side. His knees are apart.
One Month Old Lying Prone (01:20)
A baby lifts his head to change position. His legs are bent but not tucked under the body. The arms are bent with elbows away from the body.
One Month Old in Ventral Suspension (00:41)
A baby's head is at the same level as the back.
One Month Old Pulled to Sitting (01:33)
A baby's head lags when pulled to sitting, but is held briefly before falling forward. The back is one complete curve.
One Month Old Vision (01:36)
A baby turns its head and eyes towards a light source and follows bright objects moved slowly within 20 centimeters. She gazes at the care person's face while being fed or talked to.
One Month Old Hands (01:03)
A baby's hands are normally closed. If open, they grasp when the palm is touched.
Three Months Old Supine (1) (01:31)
A baby lies with his head in a central position. His limbs move in smooth, continuous movements. He kicks his legs vigorously and waves his arms symmetrically; his hands are loosely open.
Three Months Old Supine (2) (00:55)
A baby waves his arms and brings his hands together over his body.
Three Months Old Prone (01:15)
The baby lifts his head and chest up, using his forearms for support.
Three Months Old Ventral Suspension (00:32)
A baby's head is held above the level of his back.
Three Months Old Pulled to Sitting (00:41)
There is little or no head lag and the baby's back is straight except for a curve in the base of the spine.
Three Months Old Standing (00:59)
A baby held standing will sag at the knees.
Three Months Old Vision (01:21)
Babies are very alert and aware of what is going on around them. They will deliberately move their heads to follow people's movements and occasionally go cross eyed.
Three Months Old Hands and Fingers (1) (01:27)
Babies begin to clasp and unclasp their hands. They will watch their hands move in front of their faces and may watch their feet.
Three Months Old Hands and Fingers (2) (01:16)
At this age, babies have more controlled use of their eyes, but their hands and eyes are not yet coordinated. A baby holds a rattle placed in his hand for a few moments before dropping it.
Six Months Old Prone (01:23)
Babies can lift their heads and chests up, support themselves on their arms with hands flat on the floor, and roll over.
Six Months Old Supine (01:33)
Babies kick strongly, enjoying the exercise. They can lift their legs vertically and grasp a foot, and can roll over.
Six Months Old Sitting (01:13)
When his hands are grasped, a baby pulls himself to sitting with a fully controlled head. He can sit unsupported for short periods, but is still unstable.
Six Months Old Standing (00:48)
When held standing, babies support their own weight and bounce up and down.
Six Months Old Vision (1) (01:21)
Babies are very alert and look around constantly to absorb visual information. They can follow activities across a room.
Six Months Old Vision (2) (01:01)
When an object goes out of sight, babies search vaguely around and forget it. They do not yet have a concept of object permanence.
Six Months Old Hands and Fingers (02:24)
Babies grasp toys in reaching distance with the whole hand, put them in the mouth to explore, and transfer them from hand to hand.
Nine Months Old Prone (01:41)
Babies may support the body on knees and outstretched arms. They may try to crawl or move forwards by shuffling on their bottom.
Nine Months Old Supine (00:37)
Babies can roll from back to front and roll around to sit up.
Nine Months Old Sitting (00:49)
Babies are stable and keep their balance when turning and reaching.
Nine Months Old Standing (01:43)
Babies can pull themselves up to standing, but will fall backwards. They may begin to side step around furniture and step forward on alternate feet when supported by an adult.
Nine Months Old Vision and Fine Movements (1) (01:10)
Babies are visually attentive to objects, people, and happenings. They grasp objects when offered with one hand, inspect them with their eyes, and often transfer objects to the other hand.
Nine Months Old Vision and Fine Movements (2) (01:21)
Babies look in the correct direction for falling objects, beginning to realize that they have not disappeared for ever.
Nine Months Old Hands and Fingers (02:00)
Babies use their index finger to poke and begin to point. They pick up small objects with an inferior pincer grasp. They release toys by dropping, flinging or pressing against a firm surface, but cannot yet place them down voluntarily.
Twelve Months Old Sitting (01:26)
Babies can sit alone indefinitely and get into a sitting position from lying down.
Twelve Months Old Crawling (01:06)
Babies can crawl, shuffle on their bottoms, or bear walk quickly. They may crawl upstairs.
Twelve Months Old Standing (02:22)
Babies can pull to standing, walk around furniture, and sit down again without falling. They may stand alone briefly. They may walk with one or both hands held or walk alone.
Twelve Months Old Hands, Fingers and Vision (1) (00:59)
Babies look for objects hidden and out of sight.
Twelve Months Old Hands, Fingers and Vision (2) (01:55)
Babies use their mature pincer grip for small things and can let go. They also use the tripod grasp. They drop and throw things deliberately, watching them fall
Twelve Months Old Hands, Fingers and Vision (3) (04:08)
Babies clap hands together in delight. They bang two objects together, point at desired objects and things of interest, and enjoy looking at books.
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