Segments in this Video

Sponsors: The Democrat and the Dictator (00:09)


Sponsors: The Democrat and the Dictator

Introduction: The Democrat and the Dictator (00:44)

Archival footage shows Franklin Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler speaking in a variety of public settings.

Bill Moyers on the 20th Century (01:31)

As a child, Bill Moyers first impressions were of Roosevelt and Hitler. Their voices and pictures became second in familiarity only to family and friends.

Bill Moyers - Imagine Hitler Prevailing (02:14)

Even today there are people that followed Hitler and regret only that he lost. The majority of the German people awarded Hitler veneration and unquestioning obedience.

Hitler and Roosevelt - The New Leaders (01:49)

Roosevelt easily wins the 1932 Presidential nomination with his confident smile and engaging manner. Meanwhile Hitler loses in Germany and is forced to make deals, and wipe out his competition in order to gain control and become master of the nation.

The Treaty of Versailles (01:48)

Nazi propagandist, Fritz Hippler, remembers the poverty and humiliation caused by the treaty. Adolf Hitler had experienced the hatred and shame that gripped his nation and used it to build one great audience.

Hitler and Roosevelt - Masters of Politics (01:24)

Roosevelt loved politics and learned early that it required both deals and ideals. Hitler sharpened his political skills in post-war Munich. He enlisted bullies, harnessed their anger and gave it thrust.

Mein Kampf (My Battle) (02:35)

Hitler wrote "Mein Kampf" while jailed for a failed takeover attempt in 1923. Bill Moyers reads excerpts and questions what might have happened if people would have taken the hate book as seriously as it was intended.

Hitler - Childhood Years (01:52)

Hitler is remembered as a moody boy, with few friends. His talent for drawing and painting allowed him to dwell in his own inner world.

Roosevelt - Childhood Years (00:56)

Roosevelt was born with a cradle of assets. A loving family, the best schools, and good looks gave him endless possibilities and promise.

Hitler - Life in Vienna (02:47)

After being turned down at the Academy of Arts, Hitler wandered the streets illustrating postcards to scrape by. The haunting music of Richard Wagner fueled his dreams that Germany would be--once again--an empire.

The Power to Captivate (01:28)

For men of such different backgrounds, Hitler and Roosevelt had in common clear unmistakable voices. 20th Century technology allowed their voices to be magnified one-hundred-fold.

A Manner of Speaking (02:28)

Roosevelt made voters feel as though they were friends of the Family. Hitler spoke to the heart and soul--rather than the intellect--of the masses.

Hitler Captures the Minds of Youth. (01:39)

To Hitler the individual was only a cell in the body politic. He seduced Germany's youth away from their parents so that their true and only family might become the German race.

Roosevelt Inspires the Minds of Youth (01:37)

Roosevelt encouraged the country's youth to try and do something for others in the spirit of service, like the Girls and Boy Scouts of America.

Bill Moyers - Politics is Applesauce (00:60)

A little comedy is important to keep politicians from seeing everything as life and death.

Hitler and Roosevelt Offer Sermons (02:06)

To Hitler politics was all; the State was church and the Fuhrer was God. A party member killed in a street brawl was regarded as a martyr. Roosevelt's homilies were as the small talk of neighbors ac cross a back fence.

Soldiers on Parade (02:37)

Hitler knew the power of ceremony and used parades to thrill the Germans as well as prove they had regained strength and honor. Americans on parade were amateur warriors stepping along to a popular tune.

Hitler - Treatment of the Arts (02:20)

Hitler purged museums of some 17,000 paintings, including works by the masters Gauguin and Van Gogh. To replace them he opened a Nazi gallery and commissioned propaganda art.

Roosevelt - Treatment of the Arts (01:31)

Roosevelt commissioned a federal art project that kept starving artists alive. Viewers will see a collection of art from that time period.

Roosevelt and Hitler - The Eyes of Humanity (02:20)

Roosevelt wanted freedoms for the entire world, not just the United States. Hitler wanted power only for Germany.

Neither Roosevelt Nor Hitler Loved by All (01:21)

One could not have contrived in fiction two adversaries more suited to represent the great political divide. Most Germans profited the first six years of Hitler's rule.

Hitler and Roosevelt Prepare for War (06:26)

Viewers see footage of Hitler calling his people to war. Roosevelt warns that the U.S. must prepare for a war that cannot be escaped.

Drawn in by The Japanese (01:04)

Americans understood at at the end what it was all about, when our advancing armies pierced the heart of the darkness that was Hitler's Germany.

WWII - Senseless Massacre (01:20)

Archival footage shows falling bombs, prison camps and mass graves.

Roosevelt - Never Again (07:18)

Roosevelt speaks to the nation one last time.

Deaths of Roosevelt and Hitler (01:34)

Bill Moyers wondered if we really understood what was at stake in the conflict Hitler and Roosevelt embodied. He ponders if Hitler will be "with us" as long we live.

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The Democrat and the Dictator

Part of the Series : A Walk Through the 20th Century with Bill Moyers
DVD Price: $149.95
DVD + 3-Year Streaming Price: $224.93
3-Year Streaming Price: $149.95



It was as if history had staged a morality play. Two gladiators of light and darkness, Franklin Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler, came to power within weeks of each other, faced off in a contest of global warfare, and died in the same month. In doing so, they embodied the very essences of democracy and dictatorship. Through the spellbinding appeal of decades-old film, Bill Moyers traces the childhoods and early careers of both leaders, illustrates the paths by which they rose to respective pinnacles of power, and shows how each was a master communicator and stylist of ideas, imprinting an entire generation with their actions and ideologies. (52 minutes)

Length: 53 minutes

Item#: BVL42059

ISBN: 978-1-61733-014-8

Copyright date: ©1984

Closed Captioned

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Not available to Home Video customers.