Clothing and Identity (01:25)
Most teens have their own style of dressing. Clothing often communicates who a person is. In some conditions like extreme weather, fashion is less important that warmth. Teens can dress to stand out or to fit in.
What Is Fashion? (00:55)
The idea of change or newness is important to fashion. New fashions are unique, but fashion also represents commonly accepted ideals.
Fashion: 1900s, 1920s, and 1930s (00:60)
In the early 1900s, men and women dressed formally. During the 1920s, the chemise and flapper look were all the rage. During the 1930s, clothing became more body conscious.
Fashion: 1940s and 1950s (00:53)
In the 1940s, fashion moved in the direction of structure. Women wore pants, and tailored suits were popular. After WWII, Christian Dior launched the "new look." In the 1950s, teens wore saddle shoes, poodle skirts, and stiff crinolines.
Fashion: 1960s (00:36)
In the 1960s, an elegant look was made popular by John F. Kennedy's wife, Jackie Kennedy. By the end of the 1960s, people were wearing clothes for shock value and to express dissatisfaction with society.
Fashion: 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s (01:05)
In the 1970s, men began to "cut loose" and wear colorful clothing. Professional women wore "power suits." In the 1980s, hemlines dropped and people dressed more formally. By the 1990s, people were once again ready to get back to basics
Clothing: Fads and Classics (00:58)
Fads generally have short life spans. Fads can be extreme and bizarre. Smaller groups adopt fads. Classics have long life spans. They are basic styles that get updated and re-invented.
Fashion and Society (01:11)
Fashion is a reflection of what is going on in society. Factors that determine fashion include new technology, historical events, and ideals and attitudes of the time.
Fashion Influence: Technology and Historical Events (00:60)
During the 1960s and 1970s, man made polyester, nylon, and vinyl were popular. Historically, when women won the right to vote, they dropped other restrictions of the past, including corsets. WWII allowed women to work in manufacturing.
Fashion Influence: Historical Events (00:60)
When the men returned from WWII, women returned to more feminine roles at home. Skirts and dresses were billowy, using plenty of fabric. In the 1960s, the Women's Movement, Civil Rights, and Vietnam protesters influenced fashion.
How Does Fashion Spread? (00:50)
One theory about fashion says that fashion trickles down from those original few who adopt a trend early. Christian Dior is an example of a single designer who influenced what women wanted to wear.
Hollywood and Fashion (00:55)
Hollywood stars have a powerful influence on fashion. Greta Garbo ushered in glamour, James Dean wore T-shirts as outerwear and not underwear. Madonna influenced women's lingerie.
Fashion and JFK and Jackie (00:46)
Jackie and John F. Kennedy ushered in glamour and youthfulness. When JFK went hatless, a nation of men followed. The hat industry has never recovered. Sports heroes also influence fashion.
Spontaneous Fashion (01:20)
A theory of how fashion spreads is called the "bubble up" theory. This is a spontaneous development of a fashion style from the street. The 20th century had four basic silhouettes that recycled every 40 years.
Fashion Changes (00:38)
Utility dressing is not about fashion, but about need. Sometimes people dress to identify with icons or just to look attractive.
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