Introduction: Nepal's Dispossessed (01:34)
Mangale fishes in Chitwan forest. His people have caught fish on the river for centuries, but they can no longer do so legally.
Prohibited Tradition (03:58)
Bharat Bote explains that his people have traditionally obtained everything they need from the Chitwan Forest. Krishna Paudel of the Ministry of Forestry explains why the forest was turned into a national park in 1973. Fishing and hunting is now illegal and Mangele and his family often scavenge.
Punishment for Illegal Fishing (03:26)
The government has issued licenses to fish in some rivers near the village, but the Botes say they are useless. Mangele risks punishment by fishing illegally. A soldier describes typical enforcement, but denies any abuse of power.
Lack of Cultural Acceptance (06:27)
Officially, indigenous people comprise 37% of Nepal’s population, though many believe the figure is closer to 60%. They are among the most impoverished and disadvantaged groups in Nepal. The Botes are seen as the lowest of the low.
Disappearing Culture (05:07)
Paudel alludes to efforts to involve tribes in day-to-day activities of Chitwan National Park. Mangele’s oldest son, Ramesh dreams of leaving the forest for good, a sentiment echoed by other tribal youth. Experts discuss Convention No. 169, which recognizes the rights of indigenous people.
Credits: Nepal's Dispossessed (00:14)
Credits: Nepal's Dispossessed
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