Racial Inequality in the South (03:18)
In 1940, the south still had strict Jim Crow laws and black education was struggling at poorly funded segregated schools. Buses, restrooms, and water fountains were segregated.
Black Soldiers in WWII (06:07)
Thousands of black soldiers enlisted in the segregated armed forces. Black soldiers proved their ability to fight and challenged the racial stereotypes of white soldiers. Many black soldiers experienced the racial equality in France.
Black Veterans in the South (05:47)
Black soldiers returned to a newly urbanized south, where segregation and Jim Crow laws were still present. Veterans were angry that they did not have the rights they had fought to protect. They realized white political leaders needed to be replaced.
Black Voter Suppression (06:32)
White supremacists used fear and terror to stop black people from voting. The Ku Klux Klan targeted registered voters and those helping with voter registration. John Wesley Dobbs and the Black Masons in Georgia encouraged more black people to vote.
Racial Violence in Georgia (07:09)
White supremacy candidates in Georgia were fueling racial tension in rural areas. A group of KKK members killed two black men and two pregnant black women.
Aftermath of Georgia Murders (04:29)
Two witnesses to the murders were intimidated to remain quiet. The FBI investigated the murders, but no one was ever charged. President Harry S. Truman became the first president to address the NAACP.
Civil Rights in Politics (04:49)
Truman adopted a civil rights platform after realizing leaving it to the states was not working. Segregationist Strum Thurmond ran against Truman in protest. Truman signed a bill desegregating the armed forces.
Steps Toward Integration (08:39)
Sports and media became more integrated in the late 1940s. Segregation on interstate trains and buses became illegal. Students at the black high school in Farmville, Virginia went on strike because of poor conditions compared to the white school.
End of School Segregation (05:46)
The NAACP went to Farmville to help families deal with the aftermath of the student strike. They took the legal case, which followed the series of cases aimed at ending school segregation. The case was combined with others and became part of Brown v. Board of Education, which ended separate but equal education.
Credits: Terror and Triumph (1940-1954) (02:03)
Credits: Terror and Triumph (1940-1954)
For additional digital leasing and purchase options contact a media consultant at 800-257-5126
(press option 3) or firstname.lastname@example.org.