Grant's Background (03:37)
Ulysses S. Grant freed his only slave in March 1859; Grant would become a Union general and a U.S. president. Grant was born in 1822. He entered West Point, became engaged to Julia Dent, and went to war.
Grant's Reputation (02:21)
Grant was a regimental quarter master during the Mexican-American War. He and Dent married in 1848 and had a child two years later. Grant was stationed in California and resigned in 1854 after accusations of inebriation.
Civil War (03:59)
Grant moved through a succession of jobs in White Haven before moving to Illinois. In April 1861, Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter and Grant received a commission as a colonel. In 1862, Grant and his men defeated Confederate troops at Fort Donelson; the Battle of Shiloh was costly for the Union and Confederacy.
Union Hero (03:36)
In 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. In 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Grant. President Lincoln was assassinated; President Johnson and Grant became enemies. Grant ran for president in 1868 and won.
President Grant (03:43)
During Reconstruction, civil rights for African Americans was a central issue. White supremacy groups attacked African Americans and Grant passed legislation allowing the federal government to fight the KKK. Grant won reelection in 1872 but his popularity declined; violence surged in the South.
Grant's Retirement and Death (03:32)
In 1877, Grant and his family settled in Manhattan. In 1884, Grant showed the first signs of cancer and wrote his memoirs; he died on July 23, 1885. The fight for African American equality would continue.
Credits: Grant (01:39)
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