Steve Jobs' Impact (02:30)
Steve Jobs died on Oct. 5, 2011 from cancer at the age of 56. The impact of his death was felt around the world. In a 1994 interview, Jobs takes about his views on life.
Jobs grew up in what would become Silicon Valley. Childhood friend Bill Hernandez talks about Jobs being introverted and smart in school. They started doing electronics projects with a neighbor named Steve Wozniak.
Jobs and Wozniak took a computer they built to a computer club in Palo Alto. The Apple 1 impressed everyone at the club. Jobs was the visionary and Wozniak was the engineer, so it was Jobs' idea to sell the computer.
Jobs and Wozniak contacted Ronald Wayne to talk about starting a business. He initially liked Wozniak but disliked Jobs. Jobs was focused on design and making the user experience better.
The aesthetic and clean lines of Apple’s products were influenced from a calligraphy course Jobs took in the 1970s. He returned to his teacher while working on Apple 1 to ask for advice about fonts. He wanted to improve computer typefaces.
Jobs traveled to India and studied Zen Buddhism after dropping out of college. Jobs was attracted to Zen's study of the connection of things in the world.
Jobs constantly told Apple engineers to build on what other electronics companies had developed. One of the first innovations was building on a prototype computer mouse.
Jobs and Bill Gates were friends and rivals as Apple and Microsoft grew and became competitors. The rivalry grew with Jobs believing Gates stole ideas from him and Gates believing Jobs was given too much credit for other people's ideas.
Jobs achieved celebrity status by being one of the richest men in America at only 29. Journalist David Sheff interviewed Jobs for Playboy Magazine in the 1980s and they became close friends. Jobs hired a former Pepsi executive to help Apple maintain its success, which eventually lead to Jobs resigning in 1985.
NeXT Steps (01:46)
With financial backing from a Texas billionaire, Jobs started NeXT to make a better computer aimed at the education market. The company was successful.
Jobs used investments to take control of companies away from employees. The co-founder of Pixar attempted to stand up to him and saw a different side of Jobs.
Apple was started to struggled and asked Jobs to return. The company was close to bankruptcy but was saved by an investment from Microsoft. Jobs changed the company's environment and made it much more disciplined.
Under Jobs' leadership, Apple was able to create new technologies and revolutionize the electronics industry. Apple moved from computers into MP3 players, which reshaped the music industry. Jobs continued to work after being diagnosed with cancer, but eventually withdrew from public life and died on Oct. 5, 2011.
The world mourned Jobs' passing. A design student in Hong Kong made a tribute that went viral. Jobs changed the way people communicate and reshaped modern society.
Credits: Steve Jobs - One Last Thing (00:45)
Credits: Steve Jobs - One Last Thing
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