Martin Luther King, Jr.'s 1957 Bus Boycott (03:57)
Archival film footage of an interview with Martin Luther King, Jr. takes place in King's Dexter Avenue Baptist Church on October 27, 1957. Host Martin Agronsky reviews events put in motion by Rosa Parks and the bus boycott organized by King.
Martin Luther King, Jr. on Non-Violence and Christian Love (02:44)
Martin Luther King, Jr. discusses how the bus boycott in 1957 was non-violent expression of protest. The boycott was not just an economic squeeze, but a Christian, non-violent protest against false standards through segregation.
Organized Non-Violent Resistance (03:33)
Martin Luther King, Jr. argues that it is just as bad to passively accept evil as it is to inflict it. Evil in this interview refers to segregation and discrimination. King discusses three alternative ways for oppressed people to break the bondage of oppression.
Martin Luther King, Jr. on Federal Troops and Non-Violence (03:28)
Martin Luther King, Jr. distinguishes between non-violent resistance and passive resistance. He backs the federal troops that protect Little Rock's black children going to white schools, but decries the governor's behavior that forced the President to send troops in the first place.
President Eisenhower Backs Integration Laws with Federal Troops (01:32)
Martin Luther King, Jr. commends President Eisenhower's backing of anti-segregation legislation, but he is disappointed in both political parties for not addressing the moral issues of segregation.
Evolution of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Beliefs in Non-Violence (02:50)
Martin Luther King, Jr. says his "intellectual odyssey" towards non-violence began with Thoreau's essay "Civil Disobedience." As a seminary student, he became involved with the "social gospel" movement and the teachings of Gandhi.
Supreme Court Ruling on Civil Rights (02:53)
In addressing the Supreme Court Ruling on Civil Rights, Martin Luther King, Jr. asserts that the movement towards integration is gradual, but also deliberate and conscientious. King stands for thoughtfulness and morality.
White Guilt and Violence Against Blacks (03:15)
Martin Luther King, Jr. agrees that the white South has a guilt complex, and uses violence against blacks to compensate for the guilt. When he became famous and faced threats against him and his family, he reconciles himself with God and prepares for any and all possibilities.
Racial Harmony Takes Time (03:52)
Martin Luther King, Jr. agrees that the bus boycott brought out bitterness in whites, but only as a stage in the overall transition that will end in racial harmony. King is hopeful about the future of race relations and ends his interview on a positive note.
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