Fatna El Bouih and Khadija Rouissi experienced state-sponsored violence. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission set up televised testimonies to draw awareness. King Hassan II ruled Morocco with an iron fist. (Credits)
Hassan II became king in 1961 and began imprisoning political enemies. After the monarch died, King Mohammed VI distanced himself from his father's dictatorial manner and established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The group determined that guaranteed human rights and constitutional reform was necessary.
Moroccans testified about atrocities women endured during the regime. After discovering El Bouih was involved in the 23rd of March, authorities remanded her to a secret detention center in Casablanca for nine months.
Women from all economic classes and cultures participated in the protests. Oumi Fatima describes going to the prison to stand vigil for her son.
Morocco held its first free and fair elections in 2002. The Moudawana recently raised the minimum age for marriage, limited polygamy, and created fairer rules on divorce. El Bouih interviews Medina citizens about the changes.
Credits: Morocco: Never Again
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Today, Morocco is coming to terms with the human rights abuses of its recent past. Televized testimonies in a Truth and Reconciliation Commission set up by the government have transfixed the nation. Morocco is discovering the truth about wrongful imprisonments, torture, and disappearances of the past. The public has also discovered the prominent role women played in resisting abuses of the law in the 1970s and 1980s. In this film, we feature two women—Fatna El Bouih and Khadija Rouissi—who survived the human rights abuses of the "Iron Fist," as some Moroccans describe it. Fatna tells us that she knew the risks she was taking: "Of course, I knew I risked being arrested...I risked disappearing."
Length: 22 minutes
Copyright date: ©2008
Prices include public performance rights.
Not available to Home Video and Publisher customers.
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