Assumptions About Human Nature (03:14)
Carl Rogers argues that the human organism is trustworthy, provided it has a supportive psychological environment. His belief in conditions of empathy, congruence, and caring has deepened. He emphasizes the importance of therapists being fully present with clients.
Valuing Transparency (01:55)
Rogers discusses personal challenges with expressing anger. He has worked on recognizing it within himself in the moment. He places congruence and genuineness first, saying it is better to express negative feelings than to pretend to care.
Helping Change Client Behavior (02:40)
Rogers provides a climate allowing the client to shift their concept of self; behavioral changes follow naturally. They have a choice in how to direct their own growth, and usually move in personally and socially constructive directions.
Therapy Methods (01:31)
Rogers tries not to use techniques, except in spontaneous situations. He trusts his intuition to say things during interviews that may seem off-topic but have relevance to the client.
Reflecting the Client (03:07)
Rogers explains that his goal is to accompany the client's internal processes in the moment; he confirms his understanding of their current state with them. Doing so can increase the client's trust, risk-taking capacity, and clarification of feelings.
Insight vs. Experiencing (02:27)
Rogers talks about shifting terminology to better effect client change. If clients experience deep feelings about an issue, they are more likely to modify behavior.
Views on Relationships (03:35)
Rogers has become more aware of power aspects. He attempts to help clients to sense their own power, rather than taking an expert approach to therapy. He recalls moving away from the approach of telling clients what to do.
Welcoming Intimacy (01:40)
Rogers discusses overcoming insecurities of interpersonal relationships to become warmer and closer to clients. He attributes this partially to the encounter group movement.
Impact of Being a Counselor (01:21)
Rogers says his evolving approach to relationships with clients has extended to his family and marital relationships. Person-centered therapy has become a life philosophy.
Goals for Clients (01:43)
Rogers tries to help clients be open to themselves, free to change behavior and pursue creativity in their lives, and achieve greater fulfillment.
Credits: Carl Rogers on Counseling: A Personal Perspective at Age 75 (00:39)
Credits: Carl Rogers on Counseling: A Personal Perspective at Age 75
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