Dave Mearns in Conversation: Introduction (02:00)
Dave Mearns and Brian Thorpe released "Person-Centered Counseling in Action," a book which presented the core ideas of the counseling technique. Carl Rogers pioneered the philosophy. Mearns also wrote "Developing Person-Centered Counseling" and "Training in Person-Centered Counseling."
About Person-Centered Counseling (06:59)
Frank Wills and Mearns discuss the conceptualization behind person-centered counseling. Start with general theories and then work toward biographic theories. Therapists can only get to a client's precise issues and feelings through empathy.
Different Reactions within Oneself (02:48)
Mearns discusses how individuals often react differently. Clients often need to re-establish a dialogue between personas.
Cognitive Theory (04:40)
Cognitive therapy is similar to person-centered counseling; it starts in a general theory but focuses on the individual reaction. Wills draws a diagram of what occurs within the individual including childhood factors; he cites two cases.
Politics of Therapy (03:58)
Wills gets frustrated that other psychologists do not realize the impact of Aaron Beck. In person-centered counseling, clinicians do not take a problem-solving approach because it focuses on general theory and not the individual. Mearns likes to distill general theory without invading the individual.
Therapist Relationship (06:17)
Cognitive-based therapy has protocols and session structure; Wills considers them guidelines. Mearns records the audio of every session because he wants to remember the way clients express things. The clinician experiencing the issue makes it safer for the client.
Protocol of the Session (03:14)
If a person-centered approach manual was developed, it would emphasize how the therapist prepared for the session and how the client expressed themselves. Wills read a study suggesting that clinicians should have different types of manuals.
Structure of Therapy (07:41)
Wills works with more advanced students at the University of South Wales. Learnin person-centered therapy makes clinicians listen to the client. Mearns discusses an alcoholic patient who felt alive when he drank. Mearns does not criticize other approaches.
Clients of Person-Centered Approach (09:36)
Mearns tries to modernize some of Carl Roger's theories; the therapeutic context is different in contemporary society. Mearns works with many people who have personality disorders and cites specific studies; it is easier to work with neurotic people than other diagnoses. Wills describes how some clients react better to different models of therapy.
Schooling in Psychology (03:52)
Child psychologists need to use two models of therapy. Mearns attests that it is better to be thoroughly schooled in one form than partially educated in two. Picking up the personal language of specific clients helps person-centered counselors help a diverse clientele.
Helping a Wide Variety (06:39)
Mearns' university has a contract with the Health Authority to provide free counseling services in over 60 medical practices and average six sessions per individual. Working class people can make use of small interventions. Wills' university performs free sessions but in short duration.
Credits: Dave Mearns in Conservation (02:09)
Credits: Dave Mearns in Conservation
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