Edwin Newman Introduces Producer Lucy Jarvix (02:40)
Lucy Jarvis explains how her son and co-producer, Peter Jarvis, was instrumental in creating the concept for the film. Jarvis describes the production challenges to filming on the 9,000-foot high mountain.
Ancient Incan Civilization (03:24)
Incas had a rich culture of art, astronomy, mathematics, engineering, architecture, farming, and medicine. Machu Picchu was a mountain city and part of the Tawantinsuyu nation. The Incas conquered western South America, assimilating the cultures into its own.
Communal Terraced Farming (04:11)
Archaeologists speculate that the Incas migrated from Asia, but Incan rememberers deny this, citing gods Viracocha and Inti as their Creators. Incas were communal, forming family social groups that shared land, crops and animals. Remains of Inca terraced mountain farmlands and irrigation canals have lasted for centuries.
Transportation and Communication (04:25)
Incas built fishing villages on Lake Titicaca, constructing fishing boats from reeds. Cactus fibers were used to create thick braided cables which were stretched as bridges over mountain passes. Relay runners traveled across the empire to bring supplies and news.
Inca Lifestyle (04:17)
The Incas had no traders, commerce or money, each village relying on its own food and stored goods in warehouses called quliqas. Each Inca contributed mita, units of mandatory public work. The celebratory drink was a fermented corn beer called chicha, which is still enjoyed today.
Inca Weaving and Art (02:47)
Inca weavers were virgins who took a vow to bear children for royalty, weaving garments of gold and crowns of feathers for Lord Inca. Gold was abundant throughout the empire and was woven into clothes, made into utensils and sculpted into art objects. Work units (mitas) were earned by farming, weaving, or becoming a warrior in the army.
Inca Architecture, Medicine, and Mathematics (03:24)
Incas assimilated conquered peoples along with their ideologies and art. Inca architects designed earthquake protection into structures, and Inca physicians were adept at brain surgery. Inventory and mathematics were recorded using knotted strings based on the decimal system.
Spaniards Conquered Incas (08:45)
In the 15th century, Spanish conquistadors arrived seeking gold. When Atahualpa did not surrender to the god of the Spaniards, he was captured and later executed; the country was conquered with the modern weapons of the Spaniards. The Inca's gold was shipped back to Spain.
Catholic Church and Spanish Architecture (09:11)
The Spanish built churches over all the Inca temples. Incas adopted Catholicism and wove their celebrations into church festivals. Spanish architecture and lifestyle dominates Peru, but in rural areas farming is communal and goods are handmade.
Modern Peru (09:11)
Built over the Inca capital of Cuzco, Lima is a cosmopolitan center of international influences. Today, the Amazon River is a highway of commerce, and foreign corporations drill Peruvian forests for oil, gas and minerals. Some Peruvians still speak Quechua, the native language of the Incas.
Co-Producer Peter Jarvis Honored (00:30)
Newman returns with Lucy Jarvis to announce that the film is to premiere in Lima, Peru. Peter Jarvis, co-producer, is to receive a medal of honor.
Credits: The Incas Remembered (00:45)
Credits: The Incas Remembered
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