Impact Therapy: Group Counseling—Introduction (02:13)
Dr. Ed Jacobs and Dr. Christine Schimmel teach group counseling. The information they will present can be found in their books: "Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills;" "How to Select and Apply Change Strategies in Groups;" and "Impact Therapy: the Courage to Counsel."
Impact Therapy (10:31)
Schimmel explains the basic tenets of impact therapy: multi-sensory, motivational, marketing, and maps. A good leader understands the art of engagement.
Group Leadership Skills (05:55)
If led well, people do not mind following a leader. Schimmel and Jacobs consider the impact of learning Irvin Yalom's approach to group counseling. A good leader is creative, courageous, makes the sessions interesting, and understands the art of engagement.
Essential Skills: Clarity of Purpose (03:42)
Skills include: clarity of purpose; generating and building interest and energy; beginning group skills; closing group skills; and varying the format. Define the clarity of purpose. Schimmel and Jacobs cite example of getting of track.
Essential Skills: Generating and Building Interest and Energy (03:28)
The leader is responsible for building interest and energy in a group counseling session, not the members. Schimmel and Jacobs cite examples.
Essential Skills: Beginning Group Skills (05:02)
Jacobs defines first session skills and provides an example of opening a stress management group. Remember "art of engagement." He and Schimmel cite examples of bad group therapy session openings.
Essential Skills: Closing Group Skills (08:09)
All group sessions go through a beginning, middle, and a closing; learn two techniques for beginning and closing. Schimmel recalls changing her strategy for closing a high school group. If the majority of members of an open group are returning participants, do not cater the session to new members.
Essential Skills: Varying the Format (03:53)
Schimmel and Jacobs provide ways to vary the format of a group counseling session. Audience members provide a word or phrase that sums the first 45 minutes; Jacobs pairs the group for off camera discussions.
Essential Skills II: Use of Eyes (04:21)
Skills include: use of eyes, understanding the focus, setting the proper tone and use of voice, and asking good questions. Schimmel and Jacobs demonstrate mistakes when the group leader only makes eye contact with the person speaking. Use your eyes to connect group members.
Essential Skills II: Understanding the Focus (08:17)
Focus is on the person, topic, or activity. The essence of group leading is getting, holding or shifting, and deepening the focus. Schimmel uses the analogy of a circus person spinning plates on a stick.
Essential Skills II: Setting the Proper Tone and Use of Voice (06:57)
Consider how opening a session sets the tone; set a tone that is different. Schimmel shares an example of how her student's voice nearly set the wrong tone for a mother's group counseling session. Consider the tone you want to set and how/if you want to use your voice.
Essential Skills II: Asking Good Question (04:51)
Do you ask good questions or questions based on the last thing said when you lead a group counseling session? Feed questions to the group that participants can ask each other.
Audience Participation (06:38)
Participants split into groups to discuss the components of presentation. They return and comment on energy movement, "cutting off," balance between content and process. The art of engagement is the key to group leading.
Essential Exercises: Rounds (11:08)
Group counseling exercises include: rounds, use of props, and use of chairs. Rounds are valuable because everybody speaks; use a designated number, word, or phrase and queue people where you are going to start. Jacobs and Schimmel demonstrate rounds.
Essential Exercises: Props (11:35)
Jacobs and Schimmel demonstrate the use of shields, filters, cups, a beer bottle, and a tape measure. The brain likes novelty.
Essential Exercises: Props—Part Two (08:00)
Jacobs and Schimmel demonstrate the use of string, a dollar bill, and soda and water bottles; use theory along with props. Schimmel shares her experience with a client going through a traumatic divorce.
Essential Exercises: Chairs (06:37)
Jacobs and Schimmel demonstrate the use of the small chair; the chair and the white board are the props they use the most. Jacobs uses the "Sunday player" analogy and Schimmel recalls using the chair with a client for the first time.
Essential Skills III: Drawing Out (04:33)
Skills include: drawing out, cutting off, and screening. Jacobs and Schimmel demonstrate an improper way and good ways to draw people out during a group counseling session; writing and rounds are two effective ways.
Essential Skills III: Cutting Off (06:01)
The ability to cut off is essential for good group leading. Jacobs and Schimmel recall a group session "hijacking" and share stories of cutting off clients.
Essential Skills III: Screening (02:46)
Be willing to screen members out of the group if allowed to do so; be creative in managing the personality if you are not. Schimmel discusses screening a divorce group. Jacobs splits the audience in groups.
Essential Skills IV: Use of Theory and Planning (04:11)
Skills include: using theory, planning, movement exercises, and working with individuals. Using counseling theories effectively is vital; visual theories are good for groups. Plan your groups; consider the warm-up and have a back-up plan.
Essential Skills IV: Movement Exercises (13:08)
Keep rounds, written, creative, and movement techniques in mind. Jacobs demonstrates several movement exercises including holding back and making progress. Schimmel explains processing after the exercise.
Essential Skills IV: Written Exercises (03:27)
Written exercises include sentence completion, rating, and board of directors. Many clients do not have a good board of directors. For some clients, the goal may be to become the chairperson. Schimmel and Jacobs share analogies that work well for children.
Essential Skills IV: Working with Individuals in a Group Setting (02:11)
Do not perform individual counseling where the rest of the group only watches; involve the other members. Jacobs shares a story of a mother who accidentally killed her child.
Jacobs asks audience members to list three things they would do differently in group therapy as a result of attending the presentation; hear several answers. Schimmel and Jacobs hope the presentation has encouraged participants to use group therapy.
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